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Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation Activities



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Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation Activities

BPA began funding salmonid monitoring and evaluation projects in the Umatilla subbasin in 1980, with many projects completed by the mid-1990s (Table 56). Additional fish and wildlife monitoring and evaluation projects have also been completed using non-BPA funding sources (Table 57). An oversight committee (Umatilla Management, Monitoring and Evaluation Oversight Committee; UMMEOC) composed of key management personnel and research project leaders carefully coordinates fisheries monitoring and evaluation activities in the subbasin. The committee ensures that projects are coordinated and address the most important monitoring needs. Furthermore, a formal Annual Operation Plan (AOP) is developed each year to further coordinate monitoring and evaluation activities with hatchery, passage and other projects. Initial monitoring and evaluation efforts examined salmonid abundance, age, growth, life history characteristics, and distribution. Evaluations also addressed instream and riparian habitat conditions, salmonid flow needs, water temperature, and the effectiveness of new adult ladders and juvenile by-pass screens. Monitoring activities also examined steelhead genetics, artificial production issues, and smolt to adult survival rates

Monitoring natural and artificial production of salmonids has been streamlined, but remains important for management and restoration in the Umatilla subbasin. Long-term monitoring includes enumeration of adult returns at Three Mile Dam, harvest monitoring, redd surveys, stream and riparian habitat surveys, artificial production evaluations, fish health monitoring, smolt migration survival and timing estimates, and annual index site sampling for long-term trend data on species composition and parr densities (Table 56). Some monitoring is conducted annually, such as redd surveys and water temperature monitoring, but other factors are evaluated less often, such as the assessment of instream and riparian habitat, and population genetic characteristics.

Wildlife surveys and inventories (e.g., big game aerial surveys) are coordinated and conducted regularly within the Umatilla Subbasin by ODFW and CTUIR. Population monitoring addresses species responses to enhancement projects and provides important information for harvest and other wildlife management activities. Wildlife mitigation projects are habitat based and use the USFWS’s Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) for evaluating their success. Treatment specific monitoring techniques are also employed to evaluate treatment methods.

Table 59. BPA-funded Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program research, monitoring, and evaluation activities (Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority 1999; Bonneville Power Administration and Northwest Power Planning Council 1999; Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission 2001)

Completed Monitoring and Evaluation Projects

BPA #

Sponsor

Duration

Identify the genetic composition of endemic steelhead

7900100

NMFS

1980, 1982

Assess passage improvements in the lower three miles of the Umatilla River and determine if sites still impede fish passage

8201000

CTUIR

1982

Compile a data base for a coordinated approach to restoring and enhancing anadromous fish

8110600

CTUIR

1981

Evaluate survival of acclimated and unacclimated coho salmon, chinook salmon and summer steelhead tagged and released into the Umatilla River

8383400


ODFW

1984-1985

Monitor and evaluate adult salmon and steelhead passage at five irrigation dams in the middle and lower Umatilla River. Conduct instream and riparian habitat surveys on the mainstem and major tributaries in the Umatilla Basin

9000501

CTUIR

1992-1996

Study hardwood riparian recovery in N.E. OR

9141

OSU

1999

Assess adult salmon and steelhead passage at the Umatilla River mouth

9204101

USACE

1996

Assess status and survival limitations of Pacific lamprey and develop restoration and monitoring plans

9402600

CTUIR

1995-1999

Hatchery oversight and auditing of the Umatilla Hatchery

9500200

Montgomery Watson

1995

Determine status, life history, genetic, habitat needs, and limiting factors for bull trout populations in the North and South Fork Umatilla River


9405400

ODFW, OS Systems

1994-1997

Develop preliminary design criteria for the Bonifer and Minthorn acclimation sites on the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

7900100

NMFS

1980, 1982

Evaluate artificial production facilities to raise chinook salmon and steelhead

8805300

Montgomery Watson

1991-1993, 1995-1997

Develop restoration and monitoring plan for Pacific lamprey

9402600

CTUIR

1995-1999

Analyze the potential effects of a the new Westland diversion ladder on Umatilla River subbasin streamflow

8741602

USBR

1989

Ongoing Monitoring and Evaluation Projects

BPA #

Sponsor

Duration

Standardize fish health monitoring programs with Columbia River anadromous hatcheries


8343500

CTUIR

1984-2004

Monitor and evaluate the natural production of adult salmon and steelhead including spawning, rearing, juvenile migration and adult returns. Monitor water temperatures in coordination with other projects.

9000501

CTUIR

1992-2004

Study natural and hatchery juvenile salmonid migration survival and timing in the lower Umatilla River

8902401

ODFW

1989-2004

Monitor in hatchery growth and production and smolt to adult survival of general hatchery production groups. Evaluate experimental rearing and release strategies used during the artificial propagation of salmon and steelhead.

9000500

ODFW

1991-2004

Initiate the restoration and monitoring plans for Pacific lamprey in the Umatilla Subbasin.

9402600

CTUIR

1999-2004

Pre and post habitat enhancement project monitoring










Identify problems and develop solutions to land use issues impacting fisheries habitat

8710000, 8710001, 8710002

UNF, CTUIR, ODFW

1987-2000





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