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SECTION 11. RESEARCH

Research activities in this basin are conducted and managed within the monitoring and evaluation projects listed above.



SECTION 12. ATTACHMENTS AND CITATIONS

Appendix A: Literature Cited
Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). 1987. Environmental assessment of Umatilla Fish Hatchery. DOE-EA-0310. Office of Power and Resource Management, P.O. Box 3621, Portland Oregon.
Chilcote, Mark W. 1997. Conservation Status of Steelhead in Oregon, Fish Division, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, P.O. Box 59, Portland, Oregon 97207, 111 pp.
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). 1984. Umatilla Basin recommended salmon and steelhead habitat (hatchery and passage) improvement measures. Pendleton, OR.
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). January 1989. Umatilla Hatchery Master Plan. Submitted to the Northwest Power Planning Council.
Contor, Craig. R., Eric Hoverson, Paul Kissner, Jed Volkman. 1996. Umatilla Basin natural production monitoring and evaluation, Annual Progress Report 1994-1995. Report submitted to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 90-005-01. 50 pp.

Contor, Craig. R., Eric Hoverson, Paul Kissner, Jed Volkman. 1997. Umatilla Basin natural production monitoring and evaluation, Annual Progress Report 1995-1996. Report submitted to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 90-005-01. 33 pp.

Contor, C. R., E. Hoverson, P. Kissner. 1998. Umatilla Basin Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation Project. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Annual Report 1996-1997, Submitted to Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR.
Currens, Kenneth, P. C. B. Schuck. 1993. Genetic analysis of Umatilla River rainbow trout. Oregon Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3803.
Currens, Kenneth, P. C. B. Schuck. 1995. Final Report. genetic analysis of Umatilla River rainbow trout. Oregon Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3803.
Hayes, Mike C., R. W. Carmichael, S. M. Focher, R.W. Stonecypher. 1999. Umatilla Hatchery Monitoring and Evaluation. Annual Report 1997. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. Portland Oregon.
Knapp, S.M., J.C. Kern, W.A. Cameron, S.L. Shapleigh, and R.W. Carmichael. 1996. Evaluation of juvenile salmonid outmigration and survival in the lower Umatilla River basin. Annual progress report 1994-1995 to Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon.

Knapp, S.M., J.C. Kern, W.A. Cameron, S.M. Snedaker, and R.W. Carmichael. 1998a. Evaluation of juvenile salmonid outmigration and survival in the lower Umatilla River basin. Annual progress report 1995-1996 to Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon.

Knapp, S.M., W.A. Cameron, J.C. Kern, and R.W. Carmichael. 1998b. Evaluation of juvenile salmonid outmigration and survival in the lower Umatilla River basin. Annual progress report 1996-1997 to Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon.

Knapp, S.M., R,W. Carmichael, D.L. Ehlers, S.M. Focher, T.A. Jones, and J.C. Kern. In preparation. Evaluation of juvenile salmonid outmigration and survival in the lower Umatilla River basin. Annual progress report 1997-1998 to Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, Oregon.
Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). 1987. Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Northwest Power Planning Council. 850 S.W. Broadway, Suite 1100, Portland, Oregon 97205
Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC). 1987. Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Northwest Power Planning Council and the Agencies of the Indian Tribes of the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority.
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). 1986. A comprehensive plan for rehabilitation of anadromous fish stocks in the Umatilla River Basin. Report submitted to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 84-10.
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). August 1999. FY 2000 Umatilla Hatchery and Basin Annual Operation Plan (AOP). Submitted to Bonneville Power Administration.
Rowan , G. E. 1999. Umatilla Hatchery Satellite Facilities Operation and Maintenance. Annual Report, 1998. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.
APPENDIX B: Tables and Figures
Table 1. Disposition and Spawning Ground Data of Natural and Hatchery Summer Steelhead (STS) Returning to the Umatilla River above Three Mile Falls Dam, 1988-1999.

RUN YEAR (Fall/Spring)


1987

1988


1988

1989


1989

1990


1990

1991


1991

1992


1992

1993


1993

1994


1994

1995


1995

1996


1996

1997


1997

1998


1998

1999


Natural STS Enumerated at TMD

Hatchery STS Enumerated at TMD

Natural and Hatchery STS Enumerated at TMD


2315

165


2480

2104

370


2474

1422

245


1667

724

387


1111

2247

522


2769

1298

616


1914

945

345


1290

875

656


1531

1299

782


2081

1014

1463


2477

862

903


1765

1134

740


1874

Natural STS Sacrificed or Mortalities at TMD

Hatchery STS Sacrificed or Mortalities at TMD



20

5


12

17


40

143


2

50

3

112


4

69


0

51


0

33


8

73


5

95


2

70


1

74


Natural STS Taken for Brood Stock

Natural STS Spawned

Hatchery STS Taken for Brood Stock

Hatchery STS Spawned



151

31F


0

0


158

42F


0

0


92

25F


0

0


99

78

103



49

237

172


95

0


129

95

91



3

93

79

42



17

86

59

68



22

107

63

26



21

100

75

10



3

86

68

30



21

110

76

15



4

Natural Females Released above TMD

Natural Males Released above TMD

Natural STS Released above TMD

Hatchery Females Released above TMD

Hatchery Males Released above TMD

Hatchery STS Released above TMD


1436

708


2144

114


46

160


1232

702


1934

216


137

353


1290


102

623


234

1193

814


2007

161


154

315


875

290


1165

266


190

456


642

210


852

186


66

252


602

187


789

274

281

555


863

321


1184

371


312

683


689

220


909

666


692

1358


550

224


774

476


327

803


716

308


1024

425


236

661


Natural STS Harvested above TMD-CTUIR

Hatchery STS Harvested above TMD-CTUIR

Natural STS Harvested above TMD-ODFW

Hatchery STS Harvested above TMD-ODFW


















5

25
22



5

20
5



5

20

0



21

0

39

0



25

0

33

0



24

5

33

0



12

5

39

0



47

Natural Female STS Available to Spawn

Natural Male STS Available to Spawn

Natural STS Available to Spawn

Hatchery Female STS Available to Spawn

Hatchery Male STS Available to Spawn

Hatchery STS Available to Spawn

Total STS Available for Spawning

Total Female STS Available to Spawn



1436

708


2144

114


46

160


2304

1550


1232

702


1934

216


137

353


2287

1448


1290


102

1392


623


234

857


1193

814


2007

161

154

315


2322

1354


872

288


1160

242


167

409


1569

1114


639

208


847

173


54

227


1074

812


599

185


784

253


261

514


1298

852


863

321


1184

339


280

619


1803

1202


689

220


909

637


664

1301

2210

1326


548

221


769

454


305

759


1528

1002


713

306


1019

382


193

575


1594

1095


STS Redds Observed in Index Reaches

Total STS Redds Observed

Index Reaches Miles Surveyed

Redds Per Mile in Index Reaches

Total Miles Surveyed in Umatilla River

Redds Per Mile in all Areas



138

275


18.5

7.5


61.0

4.5


77

128


20

3.9


50.2

2.5


HW

HW

HW



HW

HW

HW



HW

HW

HW



HW

HW

HW


135

300


21.4

6.3


67.2

4.5


HW

HW

HW



HW

HW

HW



64

224


21.4

3.0


65.8

3.4


74

126


21.4

3.5


35.0

3.6


119

150


21.4

5.6


34.4

4.4


138

149


21.4

6.4


24.6

6.1


126

217


21.4

5.9


38.0

5.7


218

270


21.4

10.2

35.0

7.7

Harvest not determined and not subtracted from estimates of spawners, 1988-1982. H. W. = high water.

Assumes that harvest steelhead were 50% females and 50% males. No adjustments made for hook and release mortality.

Index reaches are in Squaw, NF Meacham, Buckaroo, Camp, and Boston Canyon Creeks and the SF Umatilla River.

Table 2. Hatchery releases of summer steelhead in the Umatilla River Basin.




Year of Release

Hatchery

Number Released

Age at Release

Location

Date of Release

Type of Release

No/lb.

Stock

1967

1967


1967

1968


1968

1969


1970

1975


1981

1981


1982

1982

1983

1983


1984

1985


1985

1986


1986

1987


1988

1988


1988

1988


1988

1989


1989

1989


1990

1990


1991

1991


1991

1992


1992

1992


1992

1992


1993

1993


1993

1994


1994

1994


1994

1995


1995

1995


1996

1996


1996

1997


1997

1997

1998

1998


1998

1999


1999

1999


Gnat Creek

Oak Springs

Wallowa

Gnat Creek



Gnat Creek

Oak Springs

Carson

Wizard Falls



Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Irrigon

Oak Springs



Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Oak Springs

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


Umatilla

Umatilla


109,805

238,020


142,240

23,100


150,000

174,341


39,489

11,094

17,558

9,400


59,494

67,940


60,500

52,700


57,939

22,000


53,850

39,134


54,137

1,485


30,549

30,757


33,984

10,033


24,618

29,852


29,586

22,274


59,747

29,446


42,610

29,325


3,998

19,977


47,458

64,550


67,419

5,443


44,824

47,979


65,465

51,403


49,598

52,097


1,732

48,539


49,983

47,941

47,543

49,377


49,783

46,788


41,555

48,944


49,084

41,088


47,313

41,843


44,226

35,564


Eggs

Yearling
Yearling


Yearling
Yearling

Yearling /b

Yearling

Yearling /b

Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Subyearling

Unfed fry

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Yearling

Yearling


Upper Umat. R.

Upper Umat. R.

Upper Umat. R.

Upper Umat. R.

Upper Umat. R.

Upper Umat. R.

Bonifer

Bonifer


Bonifer

Bonifer


Bonifer

Meacham Cr.(RM 11)

Minthorn

Near Minthorn

Umatilla RM 23

Umatilla RM 89

S. F. Umat. R.

Minthorn

Near. Minthorn

Bonifer


Bonifer

Near Bonifer

Bonifer

Near Bonifer



Umatilla RM 3

Bonifer


Minthorn

Meacham Cr.(RM 0.5)

Meacham Cr.(RM 0.5)

Umatilla RM 3

Bonifer

Minthorn


Bonifer

Minthorn


Bonifer

Bonifer


Umatilla RM 27.3

Bonifer


Minthorn

Bonifer


Minthorn

Bonifer


Thornhollow

Minthorn


Bonifer

Bonifer


Minthorn

Bonifer


Bonifer

Minthorn


Bonifer

Bonifer


May


March

May


Spring

May


May

April


April

May


December

June


May

May


April/May

May


May

May


May

April


March

March


April

April/May

April

April


April

May


April

April


May

April


April

April


May

April


April

May


April

April


May

April


April

May


April

April


April/May

Direct

Direct


Direct

Direct


Direct

Direct


Direct

Direct


Direct

Direct


Direct

Direct


Direct

Direct


Forced

Forced


Forced

Forced


Forced

Direct


Forced

Direct

Direct

Direct


Direct

Forced


Direct

Forced


Forced

Direct


Forced

Direct


Direct

Forced


Forced

Direct


Direct

Direct


Forced

Forced


Forced

Forced


Forced

Forced


Direct

Forced


Forced

Forced


Forced

Forced


Forced

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional

Volitional



75.0

117.0


240.0

66.0


Eggs

145.0


8.0-9.0

9.0


6.0-9.0

145.0


7.0-8.0

124.0


11.0

62.0


6.5

135.0


7.0

150.0


8.4

5.5


6.5-7.4

6.5


10.3

57.5


3200.0

6.6


5.6

5.5

5.9-7.7

5.5


6.2-7.5

8.7


12.5

5.8


5.8

5.0


5.5

5.8


4.5

5.6


6.1

4.9


5.1

5.2


5.7

5.6


4.7

5.5


5.1

5.3


5.1

4.6


5.4

4.9


4.7

5.9


5.5

4.9


5.5

5.9


Skamania

Idaho (Oxbow)

Idaho (Oxbow)

Skamania


Skamania

Skamania

Skamania

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River

Umatilla River


/b These fish were transferred to Bonifer in November as subyearlings and were released the following spring as yearlings


Table 3. Descriptive statistics for the steelhead fishery in the Umatilla River, run years 1993-94 through 1998-99. Catch statistics were based on creel surveys conducted in the lower river (Umatilla mouth to Three Mile Falls Dam) and upper river (Barnhart Bluffs to lower boundary of the CTUIR).




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