8-9 семестры About My Family and Myself



Download 0.56 Mb.
Page1/8
Date20.06.2018
Size0.56 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8
8-9 семестры
About My Family and Myself

Let me introduce myself. My full name is Victor Petrov. Petrov is my surname and Victor is my first name. I am nineteen. I am from Minsk, I live with my parents. My father’s name is Igor Ivanovich. He is a technician. He is fifty. My father is a handsome man. His hobby is fishing. Besides he likes to read newspapers and magazines and books on history.

My mother’s name is Nina Borisovna. She is a very kind and good-looking woman. My mother is four years younger than my father. She is a housewife. She looks after the house and takes care of all of us. She likes to read fiction and to make her dress herself.

My parents have two more children besides me. Thus I have got an older brother and a younger sister. My brother who is twenty studies at the Belarusian State University. He is a part-time second year student. He combines his work with the studies. My brother Sergey works at the factory from 9 a.m. till 6 p.m. In the evening four times a week he attends lectures and tutorials in different subjects. He is not yet married.

My sister Olga is 12. She is fond of music. She likes to play piano, and to sing songs. Besides she draws well and she goes in for sport. She is fond of skating.

I also have some other relatives: uncles, aunts, cousins and many friends. We are happy when we are together. We are tactful, helpful, tolerant and respect each other. It’s nice to have a good family.

I was born in Minsk in 1983. When I was seven I went to school. In June I left / finished school decided to enter the Managers’ Training Institute. I attended preliminary courses in subjects in which I took examinations successfully. And now I am a first year student of the Correspondence Faculty. I like my future specialty very much, that is why I study well.


Vocabulary:


  1. to introduce oneself –представлять кого-либо;

let me introduce myself – разрешите представиться;

to introduce smb. To smb. – представлять кого-либо кому-либо;



  1. full name –полное имя;

first name – первое имя;

surname –фамилия;



  1. family – семья;

my mother and my father are my parents – моя мама и мой отец – мои родители.

older brother – старший брат;

younger sister –младшая сестра;

child (children)– ребёнок (дети);



  1. to attend –посещать;

I attended preliminary courses. –посещать предварительные курсы;

He attends lectures and tutorials.– посещать лекции и практические занятия;



  1. to be fond of – любить что-либо;

Olga is fond of music. – Ольга любит музыку.

  1. to go in for smth – интересоваться чем-либо;

  2. to play piano – играть на рояле;

  3. to like – любить, нравиться;

He likes to read newspapers (magazines, books, fiction) – Он любит читать газеты (журналы, книги, фантастика);

She like to play piano – Она любит играть на рояле;

I like my future speciality. –специальность;


  1. to study at – учиться в …

  2. subjects – предметы;

Russian and Russian literature – русский и русская литература;

Byelorrussian and Byelorrussian literature – белорусский и белорусская литература;

physics – физика;

mathematics – математика;

chemistry –химия;

foreign language – иностранный язык;


  1. to take examinations –сдавать экзамены;


to pass exams / a test – сдавать экзамены / тест;

to pass an entrance interview – сдавать вступительный экзамен.


WAYS of Addressing People

There are several ways of addressing people in English. The most uni­versal ones that can be used when speaking to strangers as well as to people you know are:



Mr. - to a man, Mr. Brown;

Mrs. - to a married woman, Mrs. Brown;

Miss - to an unmarried woman, Miss Brown;

Ms. - to a woman whose marital status in unknown (mostly used in the written form, Ms. Brown).

Mr., Miss, etc. are never used without the person's second name. Other forms of address are:

Sir - used to a man who is clearly older or more senior than oneself.

Sir is also used:

  1. By shop assistants, waiters, etc. to their male customers;

  2. By schoolchildren to men-teachers;

  3. In the armed forces, to an (a superior) officer;

  4. As a title (for knights and baronets), followed by the first name, for
    example, Sir William.

  5. Sometimes as a polite form of address to a stranger, even if not older or more senior. However, this is not common nowadays in Britain, where the usual way of addressing a stranger (either a man or a woman) is Excuse me, please.

Madam - used by shop assistants, waiters, etc. to their female custom­ers. Except for this type of situation, however, madam is less widely used than sir. It is not used when addressing women-teachers (here Mrs./Miss with the surname is used), nor when addressing an older or more senior woman. It is only rarely used to address a stranger, "Excuse me, please" be­ing the usual form.

People who have a scientific degree - PhD, ScD - are to be addressed Dr., doctor Brown, whereas medical practitioners, i.e., doctors who cure people are simply Doctors (no name is necessary). Professors can also be addressed by the title only.

You'd better use officer - addressing a policeman. If one knows his rank, one may also address him as, for example, Constable, or Inspector. In practice, however, most people approaching a policeman for information or help use Excuse me, (please), without any form of address.

People in certain occupations can be called Waiter / Waitress / Porter/ Nurse, etc. Commercial and administrative titles such as director, manager are never used as forms of address.

When addressing a King or a Queen you say Your Majesty. Address­ing a group of people or audience you use Ladies and Gentlemen. In fact people in the English-speaking countries prefer calling each other by the first name: Peter, Ann, etc.

Forms of Address within the Family

Small children address their parents as Mummy and Daddy. When they are older (about 10-11) they often change to Mum and Dad. As adults they usually continue to use these forms, although some people (mainly members of the upper and middle classes) use the formal Mother and Father.

Grandparents are usually addressed as Granny (sometimes Gran or Nanny) and Grandad. Grandmother and Grandfather are used by some adults (those who use Mother and Father - see above).

Aunts and uncles are addressed as Auntie and Uncle usually with the first name, for example, Auntie Mary, Uncle Richard. Aunt is often used in­stead of Auntie by older children and adults, particularly in formal situations.





Share with your friends:
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8


The database is protected by copyright ©hestories.info 2019
send message

    Main page