Figurative Language, Poetic and Story Elements Quest Review Story Elements 1. Define Setting
Setting is the “where and when” of a story. It is the time and place during which the story takes place.
2. The five functions of Setting are:
To create a mood or atmosphere
To show a reader a different way of life
To make action seem more real
To be the source of conflict or struggle
To symbolize an idea
3. What is the difference between Mood and Tone?
Mood is the emotion that the author wants to convey while tone is how the reader feels while reading.
4. Define characters
The person, animals, and things participating in a story
5. Define protagonist.
The main character of the story, the one with whom the reader identifies. This person is not necessary “good”.
6. Define antagonist.
the force in opposition of the protagonist; this person may not be “bad” or “evil”, but he/she opposes the protagonist in a significant way
7. Define Plot
The organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story
8. Given a plot diagram, be able to identify, name, and define all 5 parts of a traditional plot structure.
Exposition - introduction; characters, setting and conflict (problem) are introduced
Rising Action- events that occur as result of central conflict
Climax- highest point of interest or suspense of a story
Resolution- loose ends are tied up; the conflict is solved
9. Define Suspense.
Any part of the story that builds excitement, tension, and/or curiosity in the reader.
10. Define Foreshadowing
Hint or clue about what will happen in story
11. Define Flashback
interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past
12. Define Symbolism
use of specific objects or images to represent ideas
13. Define Personification
when you make a thing, idea or animal do something only humans do
14. Define internal conflict (List types)
A problem that takes place in a character’s mind – Character vs. Self
15. Define external conflict
A problem caused by an outside force: may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle – Character vs. Character, Character vs. Nature, Character vs. Society, and Character vs. Fate
16. What is the difference between 1st Person and 3rd Person Point of View (P.O.V)
First Person Point of View- a character from the story is telling the story; uses the pronouns “I” and “me”
Third Person Point of View- an outside narrator is telling the story; uses the pronouns “he”, “she”, “they”
17. What is the difference between the 2 types of 3rd Person P.O.V?
Third-Person Limited - The narrator knows the thoughts and feelings on only ONE character in a story.
Third-Person Omniscient -The narrator knows the thoughts and feeling of ALL the characters in a story.
18. Define Theme
Theme is the central, general message, the main idea, the controlling topic about life or people the author wants to get across through a literary work
19. Theme may also be ____________ ?
Figurative Language – note: be able to give examples 20. What is the difference between Literal and Figurative Language?
Literal: words functional exactly as defined
Figuratively: We need to figure out what it means
21. The difference between a simile and metaphor is what?
Simile: A comparison of two things using “like” or “as.”
Metaphor: Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.”
22. The difference between Hyperbole and Understatement is what?
Hyperbole: Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect.
Understatement: Expression with less strength than expected.
23. Define Onomatopoeia. Remember, you will need to know how to spell this word correctly. A word that “makes” a sound.
24. Define Idiom.
A saying that isn’t meant to be taken literally, and doesn’t “mean” what it says
25. Define Pun.
A form of “word play” in which words have a double meaning.
26. Define Proverb.
A figurative saying in which a bit of “wisdom” is given.
27. Define Oxymoron.
When two words are put together that contradict each other.
Poetry Elements 28. Define Poetry
Poetry is a form of literary expression that captures intense experiences or creative perceptions of the world in a musical language.
29. Define Prose
The ordinary language people use in speaking or writing.
30. In poetry, we don’t have a narrator. Instead this is called _______.
31. Define Line.
A word or row of words that may or may not form a complete sentence.
32. Define Stanza.
A group of lines forming a unit.
33. What is the difference between Alliteration and Assonance?
Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds within a line of poetry.
34. Define Rhyme.
The repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.
35. What is Internal Rhyme?
Rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry.
36. What is End Rhyme?
Rhyme that occurs at the end of lines.
37. Define Rhyme Scheme and how is it labeled?
The pattern of end rhymes that may be designated by assigning a different letter of the alphabet to each new rhyme
38. Define Rhythm.
The pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
39. Define Meter.
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables which sets the overall rhythm of certain poems.
40. How do we label unstressed and stressed syllables
unstressed: È .
41. Define Foot.
A foot consists of a certain number of syllables forming part of a line of verse.
42. The most common type of meter is what?
43. What is the difference between Connotation and Denotation
Connotation - the emotional and imaginative association surrounding a word.
Denotation - the strict dictionary meaning of a word.
44. What is Narrative Poetry?
Verse that tells a story
45. What are the types of Narrative Poetry and define each one.
Ballads – a song or poem that tells a story.
Epics – a long narrative poem on a great and serious subject that is centered on the actions of a heroic figure
46. What are 2 types of Ballads?
Fork and Literary
47. Define Dramatic Poetry
Poetry in which one or more characters speak
48. What is Lyric Poetry
Short, musical poetry that expresses a speaker’s personal thoughts and feelings.
49. What is the structure of a Haiku?
Haikus contain exactly 17 syllables, arranged in 3 lines of 5, 7, 5 syllables each
50. Sonnets are usually about what subject?
51. Shakespeare’s sonnets 1-126 are called what?
The Fair Youth
52. Shakespeare’s sonnets 127-154 are called what?
The Dark Lady
53. What is the structure of a Shakespearean Sonnet?
Shakespearean sonnet consists of fourteen lines, made up of three quatrains and a final couplet.
54. Define Free Verse.
Poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement.