Is a city, and the district headquarters

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Shamli is a city, and the district headquarters[1] in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Shamli was declared as a district in September 2011 and was named Prabudh Nagar by Mayawati who was CM of UP at that time, but in July 2012 Shamli returned to got its old name by Akhilesh Yadav who became CM of UP in 2012. It is located on the Delhi–Saharanpur highway. It is around 100 km from Delhi, 38 km from Panipat and 65 km from Saharanpur. Shamli is known for its old sugar mill called Upper Doab Sugar Mill, and serves as a market town for surrounding villages.According to legend, Shamli is the place where Krishna took a night's halt while going for his last attempt of truce thus avoiding Mahabharata, hence was its previous name "Shyama vali". This small suburb is also famous for the Hanuman tilla, a temple by legend built by the great warrior Bhima.

History


During the first War for freedom in 1857 a lot of action was enacted in the District. CHAUDHARY MOHAR SINGH of Shamli and SAIYED-PATHANS of Thanabhawan fought against the British and captured the Tehsil of Shamli. But, later on, the British army showed its brutality and recaptured the area. Many freedom fighters were done to death by them and this attempt was failed.The Jats are socially, economically and Politically the most dominant and influential people in and around Shamli. According to The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1901, 'The origin of the Jats has been constantly discussed, and in this connection we may quote the words of Mr. Miller, the Settlement Officer: " Much ingenuity has been spent on the attempt to prove them to be Scythians; but, if physiognomy counts for anything, no one could doubt their Aryan origin. Their tribes or subcastes are extremely nu¬merous; 650 have been taken account of in the census returns in this district alone. With scarcely any exception, all the tribes state that they migrated to this district from the Panjab, Jhind, Hariana, Sirsa, Rohtak, and the places in which they locate their original home. The great tribe of the ghatwalas how¬ever, who hold a chaurasi of villages in the west of the dis¬trict and in Meerut, invariably say that they come from Ghajni or Garh-Gajni, and it is generally supposed that the Afghan Ghazni is alluded to. The other most important clan here is tho Balian with headquarters at Sisauli and Purbalian. The Saliklan, a powerful body, further south, have some repre¬sentatives in this district. The Jats entered the district from the south-west and established themselves in its most fertile tracts. Avoiding the wastes and jungles near the Jumna, they took almost exclusive possession of the rich tract lying between Shamli and the southern border; then crossing the Hindan they occupied the southern portion of pargana Baghra and the best estates of Shikarpur; but the force of the immigration had spent itself by this time, and across the Kali, though Jats are still numerous, their communities are scattered amongst villages be¬longing to cultivators of other classes." The parent village of the Ghatwalas is Lisarh. Shamli is another large Jat centre, while the Jats between Shamli and the southern border hold what is known as a " bioni " or group of fifty-two villages. The large Jat settlement in the north of the district lying between the Gujars and Chauhans of Chausiana on the west and the Pundirs of Muzaffarnagar on the east is composed of various tribes which have gradually coalesced. There are also any jat occupying the upland ridge above the Ganges khadir. Most of the Jats in this district are known as Deswalas, who were the first of their clan to obtain a footing in these provinces. The Jats are undoubtedly the best cultivators in the district, and to them are due the credit of introducing the present system of agriculture. They are very hard workers, their toil continuing all the year round; there is scarcely any season in which some crop does not call for attention. In. character they are somewhat narrow-minded, and their self-reliance tends to exilusiveness and a spirit of excessive independence. Further, there is a great want of cohesion among the Jat communities, and they are rapidly being broken up into very small fragments by partitions. At the same time their superiority is manifested by the fact that the Jat villages can pay with ease revenues .which would undoubtedly cause a break-down if the lands were held by other castes, while at the same time they maintain an equally high standard of comfort.'

Geography

Shamli is located at 29.45|N|77.32|E|[2]. It has an average elevation of 248 metres . The small city lies on the roads linking some major cities in this area, such as DelhiMeerut,Karnal,Panipat BaghpatBaraut and Saharanpur. The area lies to the east of the Yamuna river flowing through Karnal. The area has a very fertile land called 'Doab' meaning "a place lying in the deltas of two rivers", i.e. The Ganga and The Yamuna . The area is a major center of sugar cultivation and hence an area which attracts the sugar industries. This town is home to Hindus,Muslims,Sikhs Christians,Jain people.Shamli used to be a small town but now it is expanding very fast and the latest Mayawati government has unveiled plans of declaring it a district. Shamli is 30 kms from Muzaffarnagar and 100 kms from Delhi. This small town has an interesting feature that despite its small size, it has 10 movie halls. People are very fond of watching movie. This small town also has a sugar mill which is the source of properity of the people of the nearby areas.Hanuman Tilla is the temple of Lord Hanuman. It is said that the temple was established by Lord Krishna.. Now there are about 20 temples in the Hanuman Tilla campus.


DemographicsAs per provisional data of 2011 census, Shamli had a population of 107,233, out of which males were 57,236 and females were 49,997. The literacy rate was 81.97 per cent.[3]

Economy::This is an agriculture cum industrial township with sugar as the major produce.It also has an old sugar factory known as "Sir Shadi Lal Upper Doab Sugar Mill".Ruskin Bond's experience long time ago in this small town inspired him to write a story called "Time Stops at Shamli".

Villages in Shamli tahsil



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Prabuddh Nagar (Shamli) is a district in Uttar Pradesh. According to legend, Shamli is the place where Lord Krishna rested overnight before going for his last attempt of a truce, thus avoidingMahabharata; its previous name was "Shyama vali." After several years, it came to be known as "Shamli.

Prabudh Nagar, a newly formed district, with its headquarters in the city of Shamli and its municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, was named by Mayawati, the Chief Minister, on 28 September 2011. It is located on the Delhi - Saharanpur highway. It comes under Doab region of Uttar prdesh (A part of land located between two rivers Ganga & Yamuna). It is around 100 km from Delhi, 38 km from Panipat, 85 km from Meerut, 40 km from Karnal and 65 km from Saharanpur . Shamli is known for its old sugar mill, called the Upper Doab Sugar Mill, and serves as a market town for the surrounding villages. The people of Shamli are also known for their service in the Indian army and sports. Famous cricket playerPraveen Kumar, is from the village of Taprana in Prabuddha Nagar district.

Geography

Prabuddh Nagar is located at 29.45°N 77.32°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 248 metres (813 feet). The small district lies on the roads linking major cities in this area, such as Delhi, Meerut,Karnal, Panipat, BaghpatBarautMuzaffarnagar and Saharanpur. It lies to the east of the Yamuna River, which marks the borders of two Indian states, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The area has a fertile section, called 'Doab,' meaning "a place lying in the alluvium of two rivers," the Ganges and the Yamuna. The area is a major center of sugarcane cultivation and thus attracts the sugar industries. Prabudh Nagar or Shamli is a Jat majority area.

History

This district was carved out of Muzaffarnagar district in September 2011Shamli and Kairana tehsils of Muzaffarnagar formed the new district and named Prabubudh Nagar. But now again its name is changed to Shamli.


During the first struggle for freedom against the British invaders a lot of action was in the District in 1857. But later on the British army recaptured the area. In addition to the 1857, the town had witnessed important wars like the Battles of Panipat, and the battles during the rise of the Sikhs.

This area was also at the centre of the successful Green Revolution that helped India become self-sufficient in food production and gave the country a self-confidence during those early tumultuous and tense years after the end of British occupation.

People

People belong to HinduismIslamJainism, Sikhism and Christianity, Although the majority of the population is either Hindu, or Muslim. The occupation of people predominantly include agriculture and retail. The standard of living is among the highest in the country due to its rich agriculture land as it lies in the doab between the Ganges and the Yamuna, the network of sugar mills in the area, and its proximity and easy access to Delhi and other important industrial towns like Panipat (36 km), Karnal (40 km), Saharanpur (60 km) and Meerut (70 km).



According to the 2001 census, Males constitute 54 percent population and females 46 percent. Shamli has an average literacy rate of 59.5 percent, Lower than the national average of 64 percent, male literacy is 70 percent and female literacy is 57 percent. In Shamli, 15 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.

Famous monuments of Shamli


Hanuman Tilla, known as one of the most revered temple of West UP located in Shamli. It is believed to have been built by the great warrior Bhima, belonging to the Pandava Dynasty. It is also rumored to have been a place where Lord Krishna had a night halt during his last attempt to avoid Mahabharata and hence was named after him. One of the other fables describe Shamli as a place where Lord Hanuman rested during his journey to fetch 'Sanjivani Booti' from the Himalayas for Laxman. Sugar Mill of Shamli is one of the most famous mills in Uttar Pradesh and supplies its Sugar to a wide area spanning to Delhi. Shamli is famous for its steel industries and also known as international market of Wheel Rims. Shamli is also known for its food, such as Chaat, Samosa, Chholey and various sweets. It is also known for its Cinema Hall named Ajanta which is also featured in a Bollywood movie Aaja Nachle.


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