Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are such words as who, whom, which, that, and whose. A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause qualifying an expressed or implied antecedent. Relative pronouns are often embedded in clauses that modify a noun. Who is regularly used for humans and which for nonhumans. Whose is used for both. The relative pronoun often introduces a group of words which are known as a relative clause.
The student who loves Greek will succeed. (“who loves Greek” = a relative clause)

The keys which were lost in the river are gone forever.


(which were lost in the river” = a relative clause)
o!j (who/which)




Singular

Plural




2

1

2

2

1

2




Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Nom.

o!j

h!

o!


oi!

ai!

a!

Gen.

ou$

h$j

ou$

w$n

w$n

w$n

Dat.

&$

^$

&$

oi$j

ai$j

oi$j

Acc.

o!n

h!n

o!

ou!j

a!j

a!

Note how similar these are to the noun endings and to the definite article. How are the nominative forms different from the definite article?


Reflexive and Reciprocal Pronouns


Reflexive pronouns are used to indicate that the antecedent is acting on itself. This is similar to one of the rare functions of the middle voice in Greek.
Terry threw himself into the water from the bridge.
Because au]toFirst Person (myself)


Singular


Plural




2

1

2

1




Masc.

Fem.

Masc.

Fem.

Gen.

e]mautou?

e]mauth?j

e[autw?n

e[autw?n

Dat.

e]maut&?

e]maut^?

e[autoi?j

e[autai?j

Acc.

e]mauto

e]mauth

e[autou

e[auta

Note: There are no nominative forms.


Second Person (yourself)




Singular

Plural




Masc.

Fem.

Masc.

Fem.

Gen.

seautou?

seauth?j

e[autw?n


e[autw?n

Dat.

seaut&?

seaut^?

e[autoi?j

e[autai?j

Acc.

seauto

seauth

e[autou

e[auta

Note: There are no nominative forms.


Third Person (himself/herself/itself)




Singular

Plural




2

1

2

2

1

2




Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Gen.

e[autou?

e[auth?j

e[autou?

e[autw?n

e[autw?n

e[autw?n

Dat.

e[aut&?

e[aut^?

e[aut&?


e[autoi?j

e[autai?j

e[autoi?j

Acc.

e[auto

e[auth

e[auto<

e[autou

e[auta

e[auta<

Note: There are no nominative forms.


The reciprocal pronoun is used to indicate that several subjects are acting on each other.
They love one another.
a]llh



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