Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Augments

The augment (prefix) is added in four ways:
1. Before consonants it is e.

2. Before vowels the augment contracts with the vowel according to the following rules:




Vowels

Diphthongs

e + a = h

e + ai = ^

e + e = h

e + ei = ^

e + h = h

e + oi = &

e + i = i

e + au = hu

e + o = w

e + eu = hu

e + u = u



Four patterns:

1. a and e lengthen to h

2. o lengthens to w

3. i ending a diphthong subscripts

4. u ending a diphthong stays strong


3. Compound verbs with prepositions ending in a consonant: Insert the augment between the prepositional prefix and the verb stem. e]kba4. Compound verbs with prepositions ending in a vowel: The final vowel of the preposition is dropped and the e augment inserted in its place. a]poktei

Contraction Examples

Here are examples of contraction in forming the imperfect active indicative, first person singular:


e + a = h

h@kouon

e augment + a]kou

e + e = h

h@geiron

e augment + e]gei

e + o = w

w]rxou

e augment + o]rxe

e + ai = ^

^#ron

e augment + ai@rw

e + oi = &

&]kodo

e augment + oi]kodome


ei]mi< Imperfect Indicative




Singular

Plural

1.

h@mhn

I was

h#men

We were

2.

h#j

You were

h#te

You were

3.

h#n

He/she/it was

h#san

They were

Be able to chant this frequent form:

Chant Imperfect Indicative of ei]mi< (by columns)

h@mhn h#men

h#j h#te

h#n h#san

The imperfect tense of ei]mi< appears frequently. You should try to master these forms well.
e@xw Imperfect Active Indicative (Irregulars)




Singular

Plural

1.

ei#xon

I was having

ei@xomen

We were having

2.

ei#xej

You were having

ei@xete

You were having

3.

ei#xe(n)

He/she/it was having

ei#xon

They were having

Note: This is an exception. The augment is a contraction of e + e = ei. Another exceptional augmented form is qe

Translation Examples


e]dij e]n t^? sunagwg^? au]tw?n.

He was teaching them in their synagogue (Mat. 13:54).

e]kei?noj de> e@legen peri> tou? naou? tou? swBut that one was speaking concerning the temple of his body (Jn. 2:21).

au]to>j ga>r e]giFor he was knowing what was in man (Jn. 2:25).


Vocabulary


a]poqn^

I die (111)

e]kei?

there (105)

e!wj

until (146)

i]dou<

behold (200)

i!na

in order that (663)

]Iwa

John (135)

me

on the one hand, indeed (179)

o!loj, -h, -on

whole, entire (109)

o!te

when (103)

su

with (128)




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