Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic


Memory Verse: Mat. 6:9, the Lord’s Prayer



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Memory Verse: Mat. 6:9, the Lord’s Prayer

Check out the MP3 rap on the CD or web site.


Pa

h[mw?n

o[

e]n

toi?j

ou]ranoi?j:

Father

our,

the one

in

the

heavens;




a[giasqh

to>

o@noma<

sou:

hallowed be

the

name

your

13

Third Declension Nouns

You will be able to—


1. recognize the third declension nouns,

2. recognize and understand the changes that take place when the endings are added to third declension nouns,

3. reproduce the basic variations of the third declension nouns,

4. gain more practice in translating and working with Greek,

5. master ten more high-frequency vocabulary words, and

6. memorize Mat. 6:10a in Greek.

Congratulations! After mastering this chapter, you will know all the basic noun forms in the New Testament.

Introduction


Thus far we have learned second declension nouns, which have a stem ending in omicron, and first declension nouns, which have a stem ending in either alpha or eta. Third declension nouns have stems that end in a consonant. When the endings are added, the consonant will go through various predictable transformations.

Unlike the first and second declensions, which build their forms from the nominative, third declension nouns will be built from the genitive. Thus, in the third declension, you must be aware of the genitive form of the noun.

To find the stem of third declension nouns, take the oj off the genitive form.

Key Letter Box


The following consonants in the voiced and unvoiced columns are called “stops” because of the way the air flow stops when pronouncing them. The aspirates are fricatives. These letters will be transformed when the sigma ending of the third declension is added. (Mounce, Basics, 78)





Unvoiced

Voiced

Aspirate

Labial

p

b

f

Velar

k

g

x

Dental


t

d

q

Sigma Addition


The consonants (labials, velars, dentals) change in the following ways when the sigma ending is added. The two letters contract into one. In the case of the dentals the dental is dropped.
Labials: p, b, or f + s = y

Velar: k, g, or x + s = c (sa
Dentals: t, d, or q + s = s (e]lpiNu drops out when followed by a sigma (Dat. Pl.).

Introduction


We will learn four paradigms that are typical of third declension nouns. The adjective pa?j, pa?sa, pa?n (each, all) will be examined as a 3-1-3 adjective (third-first-third declension).

Take the oj ending off the genitive form to find the stem. In the nominative singular a sigma is added to the stem, causing the final consonant of the stem to change. Because this declension is so different and occurs so frequently, it is good to learn how to chant through the xa
Third Declension Endings

M/F

Singular

Plural

Neut.

Singular

Plural

Nom.

-j

-ej


--


-a

Gen.

-oj

-wn




-oj

-wn

Dat.

-i

-si




-i

-si

Acc.

-a

-aj




--

-a



Kappa Final Stems
sa




Singular

Plural

Nom.

sa

sa

Gen.

sarko

sarkw?n

Dat.

sarki<

sarci<(n)

Acc.

sa

sa


Tau/Delta Final Stems
xa


Singular


Plural

Nom.

xa

xa

Gen.

xa

xari

Dat.

xa

xa

Acc.

xa

xa

Notice that the accusative singular is xaMastering New Testament Greek program has xa

Iota Final Stems (consonantal iota)
pi




Singular

Plural

Nom.

pi

pi

Gen.

pi

pi

Dat.

pi

pi

Acc.

pi

pi


-mat Final Stems
o@noma, o]no




Singular

Plural

Nom.

o@noma

o]no

Gen.

o]no

o]noma

Dat.

o]no

o]no

Acc.

o@noma

o]no


Rho Final Stems
path




Singular

Plural

Nom.

path

pate

Gen.

patro

pate

Dat.

patri<

patra

Acc.

pate

pate

Voc.

pa

pate

Note the dropping or lessening of the medial vowel h.


Diphthong -eu Ending Stems
i[ereu




Singular

Plural

Nom.

i[ereu

i[erei?j

Gen.

i[ere

i[ere

Dat.

i[erei?

i[ereu?si(n)

Acc.

i[ere

i[erei?j

pa?j (all)






Singular

Plural







Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

pa?j

pa?sa

pa?n

pa

pa?sai

pa

Gen.

panto

pa

panto

pa

pasw?n


pa

Dat.

panti<

pa

panti<

pa?si(n)

pa

pa?si(n)

Acc.

pa

pa?san

pa?n

pa

pa

pa



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