Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Second Aorist Participles

The second aorist participles use the second aorist stem, to which the present active participle endings (3-1-3) are suffixed:
i]dwe]lqw

ei]pwThe second aorist passive uses the same endings as the first aorist passive participles except they are built off the passive stem.
grafeiIn translating the aorist participle attributively or substantivally, there is often no “ing” added: The one who came, or, The woman who was seated.

Translation Examples


ou$toj a]kou

This one, after hearing that Jesus had come out of Judea, . . . went (Jn. 4:47).


oi[ nekroi> a]kou oi[ a]kouThe dead will hear the voice of the Son, . . . and the ones who hear will live (Jn. 5:25).


kai> eu[ron peAnd after finding him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi” (Jn. 6:25).


Chant for Aorist Active and Passive Participles (be able figure out the
Middles)





Masc.

Fem.

Neut.


Nom.

lu

lu

lu?san

Gen.

lu

lusa

lu













Nom.

luqei

luqei?sa

luqe

Gen.

luqe

luqei

luqe

Vocabulary


a]nabai

I go up (82)

a@rxw

I rule, begin (in mid.) (86)

e!kastoj, -h, -on

each, every (82)

e]kba

I drive out (81)

ka]gw<

and I, but I (81)

katabai

I go down (83)


ma?llon

more, rather (81)

mh

mother (83)

o!pou

where, since (82)

w!ste

therefore, so (that) (83)

21

Perfect Participles

You will be able to—


1. understand how the participle works in English and Greek as a verbal adjective, adverb, and substantive;

2. recognize and write the participle forms in the active, middle, and passive paradigms;

3. translate perfect participle forms and be able to recognize and translate periphrastics and genitive absolutes;

4. gain more practice in translating and working with Greek; and

5. master ten more high-frequency vocabulary words.

Introduction


Perfect participles are used when the action being described is a state of being frontground or “dwelled upon”. Perfect participles can be translated by using the helping verb “having” (e.g., having spoken). When used adverbially, the temporal preposition “after” may be used (e.g., after having driven). It also may be simultaneous (“while”), causal (“because”), instrumental (“by”) or concessive (“even though”).

Perfect Participle Forms

The perfect participle is formed from the perfect stem (fourth principal part). In the masculine and neuter -ot is added to the stem, followed by the third declension endings. In the feminine -ui is added to the stem, followed by the first declension endings:



Reduplication

Stem

Perfect

Ptc.

Third declension

Masc./Neut. participle

le +

lu +

k +

ot +

oj =

leluko

Perfect middle/passive participles use the same endings as the present middle/passive participles (-men + 2-1-2 declension endings). The only difference is that the perfect participles are built on the perfect stem and have a perfect reduplication on the front and there is no connecting vowel.




Reduplication

Stem

Mid./Pass. Ptc.

Second declension

Masc. participle

le +

lu +

men +

oj =

lelume



Perfect Active Participles (be able to recognize)




3

1

3

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

lelukw

lelukui?a

leluko

Gen.

leluko

lelukui

leluko

Dat.

leluko

lelukui<%

leluko

Acc.

leluko

lelukui?an

leluko

Plural










Nom.

leluko

lelukui?ai

leluko

Gen.

leluko

lelukuiw?n

leluko

Dat.

leluko

lelukui

leluko

Acc.

leluko

lelukui

leluko


Perfect Middle/Passive Participles




2

1

2

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Gen.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Dat.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Acc.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Plural










Nom.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Gen.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Dat.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Acc.

lelume

lelume

lelume



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