Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic


Contract verbs the vowel lengthens



Download 5.03 Mb.
Page29/115
Date08.11.2016
Size5.03 Mb.
1   ...   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   ...   115

Contract verbs the vowel lengthens

h]gaphkwh]gaphkui?a, h]gaphkui

h]gaphko

h]gaphme

Second Perfect Participles


Several verbs form their perfect participles from an irregular stem. They are all active and are fairly rare. You should be aware that they occur and be able to recognize them. Here are three examples:


gi

gegonw

e@rxomai

e]lhluqw

pei

pepoiqw


Perfect oi#da (I know) (Stevens, 323)




2

1

2

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

ei]dw

ei]dui?a

ei]do

Gen.

ei]do

ei]dui

ei]do

Dat.

ei]do

ei]dui<%


ei]do

Acc.

ei]do

ei]dui?an

ei]do

Plural










Nom.

ei]do

ei]dui?ai

ei]do

Gen.

ei]do

ei]duiw?n

ei]do

Dat.

ei]do

ei]dui

ei]do

Acc.

ei]do

ei]dui

ei]do



Chant This: Perfect Active Participles




3

1

3

Nom.

lelukw

lelukui?a

leluko

Gen.

leluko

lelukui

leluko


Perfect Middle/Passive Participles





2

1

2

Nom.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Gen.

lelume

lelume

lelume



Translation Examples


[O me>n ga keklhmeThe wedding is ready, but those having been called were not worthy (Mat. 22:8).


to> gegennhmej saThe one having been born of the flesh is flesh (Jn. 3:6).


e@legon ou#n oi[ ]Ioudai?oi t&? teqerapeumeTherefore the Jews were saying to him who had been cured, “It is the Sabbath” (Jn. 5:10).


Participle Translation Charts

Active Participle

Adverbial has no Art..

Adjectival attributive has Art. before noun it modifies.

Adjectival substantive has Art. but no noun.

Present


While loosing

(The boy) who is loosing

The one loosing

Aorist

After loosing

(The girl) who was loosing

The one who was loosing







(The girl) who loosed

The one who loosed

Perfect

After having loosed

(The crowd) having loosed

The ones having loosed




Middle Participle

Adverbial has no Art.

Adjectival attributive has Art. before noun it modifies.

Adjectival substantive has Art. but no noun.

Present

While loosing himself

(The boy) who is loosing himself

The one loosing himself

Aorist

After loosing herself

(The girl) who was loosing herself

The one who was loosing himself





(The girl) who loosed herself


The one who loosed himself

Perfect

After having loosed themselves

(The crowds) having loosed themselves

The ones having loosed themselves

As usual, the middle/deponents are translated as active//passives as passives.



Passive Participle

Adverbial has no Art.

Adjectival attributive has Art. before noun it modifies.

Adjectival substantive has Art. but no noun.

Present

While being loosed

(The boy) who is being loosed

The one being loosed

Aorist

After being loosed

(The girl) who was being loosed

The one who was being loosed

Perfect

After having been loosed

(The crowd) having been loosed

The ones having been loosed




Share with your friends:
1   ...   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   ...   115


The database is protected by copyright ©hestories.info 2019
send message

    Main page