Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic

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Exegetical Dictionaries

For extensive word studies, the following dictionaries are very helpful:
Balz, Horst, and Gerhard Schneider, eds. Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament. 3 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990–93.

Brown, Colin, ed. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology. 4 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975–86. Highly recommended.

Kittel, Gerhard, and Gerhard Friedrich, eds. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. Trans. G. W. Bromiley. 10 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964–76. Heavy! See James Barr’s critique of TDNT in his book The Semantics of Biblical Language (London: Oxford University Press, 1961).
These dictionary sets are fairly expensive but extremely helpful in their exhaustive treatment of Greek words both in and outside of the New Testament. Colin Brown is my favorite.


Moulton, W. F., and A. S. Geden, A Concordance to the Greek Testament. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1963.

Electronic Greek concordances are quite helpful. The best is Bible Works 7.0 (Win) from Hermeneutica (about $350). It allows for advanced grammatical/morphological searches or simple word searches in any of over thirteen languages. Programs by Logos, Accordance, and Bible Windows should also be explored to see what works best for you.

I hope you have enjoyed your study of Greek. This is a good time to return to why we have undertaken this endeavor. The New Testament tells us about the person and work of Jesus, God’s Son. It is the story of the journey of an early Christian community called the church. Its words come with the power and authority of God and are refreshment for the soul, giving eternal guidance that transcends our postmodern culture. If you have come to the end of this study hating it because it was hard, you have accomplished little. If you have come to love the language and now find that one of your greatest joys is to sit and read the pages of the New Testament directly from the Greek text, you have gained a valuable resource. The goal for this course was to develop a love and passion for reading the New Testament in Greek. It has been hard, but the best things in life don’t come easy. You be the judge of how well the goal was accomplished.

It has made me laugh when I realize that the computer medium has allowed me to share in your journey and to help you master New Testament Greek. Hours and hours of 5:00 a.m. typing and editing are finally over. I hope this new format brings glory to God and his awesome Son! Amen!

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Works Cited

Black, David Alan. It’s Still Greek to Me: An Easy-to-Understand Guide to Intermediate Greek. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998.

Dana, H. E., and Julius R. Mantey. A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament. New York: Macmillan, 1957.

Hansen, Hardy, and Gerald M. Quinn. Greek: An Intensive Course. 2d rev. ed. New York: Fordham University Press, 1992.

Hewitt, James A. New Testament Greek: A Beginning and Intermediate Grammar. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1986.

Machen, J. Gresham. New Testament Greek for Beginners. New York: Macmillan, 1923.

Mounce, William D. Basics of Biblical Greek: Grammar. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993.

Perschbacher, Wesley J. New Testament Greek Syntax. Chicago: Moody, 1995.

Porter, Stanley. Idioms of the Greek New Testament. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic

Press, 1999.

Stevens, Gerald L. New Testament Greek. 2d ed. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1997.

Summers, Ray. Essentials of New Testament Greek. Nashville: Broadman, 1950.

Wallace, Daniel B. Greek Grammar beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996.

Wenham, John W. The Elements of New Testament Greek. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965.

Appendix 1

Vocabulary Lists by Chapter

In parentheses is the number of times the word occurs in the Greek New Testament.

Chapter 1

a@ggeloj, -ou, o[

angel (175)—angel


truly, verily (129)—amen

a@nqrwpoj, -ou, o[

man, human (550)—anthropology


I (1,175)—ego


God (1,317)—theology


and, even, also (9,153)


heart (156)—cardiac


I say (2,354)


prophet (144)—prophet


Christ, Messiah, anointed one (529)—Christ

Chapter 2


brother (343)


I hear, obey (428)


glory, fame (166)


I have, hold (708)


world (186)


lord, Lord, sir (717)


word (330)


Peter (156)


son (377)

Farisai?oj, -ou, o[

Pharisee (98)

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