1. A consonant or pronounceable consonant cluster (i.e., any consonant combination that can begin a Greek word) goes with the vowel that follows it.
2. Split two consonants if they are the same letter or if they create an unpronounceable combination (i.e., any consonant combination that cannot begin a Greek word).
3. Split two vowels (except for diphthongs), allowing only one vowel or diphthong per syllable.
4. Split compound words into their original parts before applying the rules of syllable division.
3. Circumflex ( ?) angles upward then downward, originally indicating a rising then falling pitch. au]tou?
Potential Accent Placement
2. Circumflex may occur only on the last two syllables (but only if the vowel is long).
3. Grave may occur only on the last syllable.
2. Verbs are recessive. Their accent recedes toward the first syllable as far as possible.
3. If the ultima is long, then the antepenult cannot be accented.
4. If the ultima is long and the penult is accented, then that accent must be an acute.
5. If the ultima is short and the penult is both long and accented, that accent must be a circumflex.
6. If an acute is on the ultima, it becomes a grave when followed by another word.
2. Adjective is a word used to qualify the meaning of the noun (e.g., good book).
3. Definite Article is a word that specifies a particular noun (e.g., the book). The indefinite article is “a.”
4. Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun (e.g., the book, it).
5. Preposition is a relational word that connects an object (often a noun) to its antecedent (e.g., in the book).
6. Verb is often an action or state-of-being word that makes a statement, asks a question, or gives a command (e.g., read).
7. Adverb qualifies the meaning of the verb (e.g., read quickly).
8. Particle is indeclinable and assists in expressing the meaning of the sentence.
2. Predicate, what is said about the subject. Joy walked home. Predicate Nominative: It is I.
Aspect denotes the type of action:
In progress, immediacy, foregrounded (the event as a process): I was studying.
Complete whole (the event simply happened): I studied.
Perfect (the event happened, with effects continuing into the present): I have studied.
Active: Subject does the action: Zachary shot the ball.
Middle: Subject does action on or for itself: Zachary was hit.
Passive: Subject is acted upon: Zachary hit himself.
Indicative: Statement of fact: He learned Greek well.
Subjunctive: Desire, prossible: He may learn Greek well.
Imperative: Command: Learn Greek!
Optative: Wish, remote possibility: Oh that you might learn Greek