Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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The Article

lo


“word” or “a word”

Nom. sg. masc. (Acts 13:15)

o[ lo

“the word”

Nom. sg. masc. (Jn. 1:1)


Article Forms




Singular

Plural




Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Nom.

o[

h[

to<

oi[

ai[

ta<

Gen.

tou?

th?j

tou?

tw?n

tw?n

tw?n

Dat.

t&?

t^?

t&?

toi?j

tai?j

toi?j

Acc.

to


th

to<

tou

ta

ta<

Chapter 6 Summary: Prepositions

Definition of Preposition


Prepositions are usually small function words that link or relate two words together. Often they tell position in space or time: Put the book on the table.

Prepositional Phrase


A phrase is a string of closely connected words.

A prepositional phrase is usually composed of a preposition followed by a noun which is called the object of the preposition.

Prep. + noun = in + the car (“the car” is the object of the preposition “in”)

Memory Verse: John 1:1


]En

a]rx^

h#n

o[

lo

in

beginning

was

the

Word,





kai>

o[

lo

h#n

pro>j

to>n qeo

and

the

Word

was

with

God.

Chapter 7 Summary: Adjectives

Definition


An adjective is a word used to modify a noun or pronoun. The soft snow.

Three Uses of Adjectives


1. An attributive adjective attributes a characteristic to the noun it modifies. The good book

2. A predicate adjective assigns a characteristic to the subject of the sentence. The book is good.



3. As a substantive, an adjective acts independently, as a noun itself. The good die young.
Adjective Paradigm
a]]gaqo

Declension

2

1

2

Singular

Masc.

Fem.

Neut.


Nom.

a]gaqo

a]gaqh<

a]gaqo

Gen.

a]gaqou?

a]gaqh?j

a]gaqou?

Dat.

a]gaq&?

a]gaq^?

a]gaq&?

Acc.

a]gaqo

a]gaqh

a]gaqo

Plural










Nom.

a]gaqoi<

a]gaqai<

a]gaqa<

Gen.

a]gaqw?n

a]gaqw?n

a]gaqw?n

Dat.

a]gaqoi?j

a]gaqai?j

a]gaqoi?j

Acc.

a]gaqou

a]gaqa

a]gaqa<


Attributive position = Adjective has article

o[ a]gaqo>j lo

the good word


o[ lo

the good word


Predicate position = Adjective has no article

a]gaqo>j o[ lo

the word is good

o[ loj

the word is good


Substantive use: Adjective used as a noun

The substantive use often has the article.

oi[ de> din ai]w

and the righteous unto eternal life (Mat. 25:46)


Present Indicative of e]imi<

Singular

Plural

ei]mi<

I am

e]sme

We are

ei#

You are

e]ste<

You are

e]sti<(n)

He/she/it is

ei]si<(n)

They are





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