Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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ou], ou]k, and ou]x

1. ou] before a consonant;

2. ou]k before a vowel with a smooth breathing mark; and

3. ou]x before a vowel with a rough breathing mark.

Memory Verse: John 1:1


]En

a]rx^?

h#n

o[

lo

In

beginning

was

the

Word,




kai>

o[

lo

h#n

pro>j

to>n

qeo

and

the

Word

was

with

the

God,




kai>

qeo>j

h#n

o[

lo

and

God


was

the

word.

Note: o[ lo

Chapter 8 Summary: Personal Pronouns


Definition: A pronoun is a word that stands in place of a noun usually for brevity or to avoid repetition. The person or object to which the pronoun refers is called its “antecedent.” It (the ball) hit him (Elliott) in the head.

Types of Pronouns


1. Personal pronouns stand in for a person: Bill did it. He was there.

2. Demonstrative pronouns point to a person or object that is near (this/these) or far (that/those): This book belongs to that student.

3. Relative pronouns relate a subordinate clause to a noun: It is a great person who attempts to master Greek.

4. Reciprocal pronouns state an interchange between two things/persons: They loved one another.

5. Reflexive pronouns direct the action of the verb back to the subject: She hid herself behind the door.

6. Interrogative pronouns ask a question: Who broke the chair?


First Person Pronoun Paradigm




Singular

Plural

Nom.


e]gw<

I

h[mei?j

we

Gen.

mou

of me/my

h[mw?n

of us/our

Dat.

moi

to me/for me

h[mi?n

to us/for us

Acc.

me

me

h[ma?j

us


Second Person Pronoun Paradigm




Singular

Plural

Nom.

su<

you

u[mei?j

you

Gen.

sou

of you/your

u[mw?n

your

Dat.

soi

to/for you

u[mi?n

to/for you

Acc.

se

you

u[ma?j


you

Pronoun Enclitics: Many personal pronouns are enclitics



(e.g., mou, moi, me, sou, soi, se).


Declension Format:

Person +

Case +

Number

e]gw<

First

nominative

singular (I)

soi<

Second

dative

singular (to you)



Third Person Pronoun Paradigm: 3 Genders

Masculine




Singular

Plural

Nom.

au]to

he

au]toi<

they

Gen.

au]tou?

his

au]tw?n

their

Dat.

au]t&?

to/for him

au]toi?j


to/for them

Acc.

au]to

him

au]tou

them


Feminine




Singular

Plural

Nom.

au]th<

she

au]tai<

they

Gen.

au]th?j

hers

au]tw?n

their

Dat.

au]t^?

to/for her

au]tai?j

to/for them

Acc.

au]th

her

au]ta

them


Neuter




Singular

Plural

Nom.

au]to<

it

au]ta<


they

Gen.

au]tou?

its

au]tw?n

their

Dat.

au]t&?

to/for it

au]toi?j

to/for them

Acc.

au]to<

it

au]ta<

them




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