Perfect participles are used when the action being described an existing state of affairs. Perfect participles can be translated by using the helping verb “having” (e.g., having spoken). When used adverbially, the temporal preposition “after” may be used (e.g., after having driven).
Perfect Participle Forms
le + lu + k + ot + oj = lelukole + lu + men + oj = lelume Perfect Active Participles (be able to recognize)