Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic


Chapter 21 Summary: Perfect Participles



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Chapter 21 Summary: Perfect Participles

Introduction

Perfect participles are used when the action being described an existing state of affairs. Perfect participles can be translated by using the helping verb “having” (e.g., having spoken). When used adverbially, the temporal preposition “after” may be used (e.g., after having driven).

Perfect Participle Forms


le + lu + k + ot + oj = lelukole + lu + men + oj = lelume
Perfect Active Participles (be able to recognize)




3

1

3

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

lelukw

lelukui?a

leluko

Gen.

leluko

lelukui

leluko

Dat.

leluko

lelukui<%

leluko

Acc.

leluko

lelukui?an

leluko

Plural








Nom.


leluko

lelukui?ai

leluko

Gen.

leluko

lelukuiw?n

leluko

Dat.

leluko

lelukui

leluko

Acc.

leluko

lelukui

leluko


Perfect Middle/Passive Participles




2

1

2

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Gen.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Dat.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Acc.

lelume

lelume


lelume

Plural










Nom.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Gen.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Dat.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Acc.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Perfect Active Participles (know these by heart)




3

1

3

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

lelukw

lelukui?a

leluko

Gen.

leluko

lelukui

leluko


Perfect Middle/Passives Participles




2

1

2

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Nom.

lelume

lelume

lelume

Gen.

lelume

lelume

lelume


Participle Translation Charts (DA = definite article)

Active Participle

Adverbial has no Art..

Adjectival attributive has Art. before noun it modifies.

Adjectival substantive has Art. but no noun.

Present

While loosing

(The boy) who is loosing

The one loosing

Aorist

After loosing

(The girl) who was loosing

The one who was loosing








(The girl) who loosed

The one who loosed

Perfect

After having loosed

(The crowd) having loosed

The ones having loosed




Middle Participle

Adverbial has no Art..

Adjectival attributive has Art. before noun it modifies.

Adjectival substantive has Art. but no noun.

Present

While loosing himself

(The boy) who is loosing

The one loosing

Aorist

After loosing herself

(The girl) who was loosing

The one who was loosing







(The girl) who loosed

The one who loosed

Perfect

After having loosed themselves

(The crowd) having loosed themselves

The ones having loosed themselves

As usual, the deponents may look middle/passive but are translated as active.




Passive Participle

Adverbial has no Art..

Adjectival attributive has Art. before noun it modifies.

Adjectival substantive has Art. but no noun.

Present

While being loosed

(The boy) who is being loosed

The one being loosed

Aorist

After being loosed

(The girl) who was being loosed

The one who was being loosed

Perfect

After having been loosed

(The crowd) having been loosed

The ones having been loosed




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