Indirect discourse can be expressed with the infinitive + an accusative or with o!ti as an introductory word.
Chapter 23 Summary: Subjunctive Verbs
There are three Greek moods of potential:
1. Subjunctive is the realm of the possible. “May” or “might” is often used in translation (e.g., Zach may wash the car.)
2. Imperative indicates expected action. The imperative usually expresses a command (e.g., Zach, wash the car!)
3. Optative indicates a hoped-for circumstance that is often a remote possibility. In Greek it is often used in prayer. (e.g., Oh, that Zach would wash the car.)
Present represents progress/immediacy foregrounding action.
The subjunctive mood is the mood of potential or possibility. “May” and “might” are the two key words often used in translating subjunctives.
The subjunctive present (continuous action) is built from the present verb stem as follows:
lu + w + men = luThe subjunctive aorist (complete, whole) is built from the aorist verb stem with a sigma and the same endings as the present. There is no initial augment.
lu + s + w + men = luPresent/Unfolding, In progress Action Subjunctive