Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Complementary Infintives

dei?


+ infinitive

= It is necessary to

e@cesti(n)

+ infinitive

= It is permitted to

du

+ infinitive

= I am able to

me

+ infinitive

= I am about to

Infinitives for Indirect Discourse


Indirect discourse can be expressed with the infinitive + an accusative or with o!ti as an introductory word.

Chapter 23 Summary: Subjunctive Verbs

Introduction


There are three Greek moods of potential:
1. Subjunctive is the realm of the possible. “May” or “might” is often used in translation (e.g., Zach may wash the car.)

2. Imperative indicates expected action. The imperative usually expresses a command (e.g., Zach, wash the car!)

3. Optative indicates a hoped-for circumstance that is often a remote possibility. In Greek it is often used in prayer. (e.g., Oh, that Zach would wash the car.)
Present represents progress/immediacy foregrounding action.

Aorist indicates complete/whole background action.



Perfect is used for state of affairs frontground/dwelt upon action.

Introduction to the Subjunctive

The subjunctive mood is the mood of potential or possibility. “May” and “might” are the two key words often used in translating subjunctives.

Form


The subjunctive present (continuous action) is built from the present verb stem as follows:
lu + w + men = luThe subjunctive aorist (complete, whole) is built from the aorist verb stem with a sigma and the same endings as the present. There is no initial augment.
lu + s + w + men = luPresent/Unfolding, In progress Action Subjunctive
of lu

Active

Singular

Plural




1. lu

lu




2. lu<^j

lu




3. lu<^

lu

Middle/Passive

Singular

Plural




1. lu

luw




2. lu<^

lu




3. lu

lu

Aorist Action Subjunctive of lu


Active

Singular

Plural




1. lu

lu




2. lu

lu




3. lu

lu

Middle

Singular

Plural




1. lu

lusw




2. lu

lu




3. lu

lu

Passive

Singular

Plural




1. luqw?

luqw?men




2. luq^?j

luqh?te




3. luq^?

luqw?si(n)


Second Aorist Subjunctive Forms of lei

(to leave, fall short) (no sigma)


Singular

Plural

1. li

li

2. li

li

3. li

li


Subjunctive of ei]mi<

Singular

Plural

1. w#

w#men

2. ^#j

h#te

3. ^#

w#si(n)




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