Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Various Functions

1. As a command:

a]gapa?te tou>j e]xqrou>j u[mw?n.



Love your enemies! (Mat. 5:44).

2. As a prohibition:

Mh> fobou?, to> mikro>n poi

fear not, little flock! (Lk. 12:32).

3. As an entreaty, especially when speaking to a superior:

Paj e]n t&? o]no

Holy Father, keep them in your name (Jn. 17:11).

Chapter 25 Summary: The -mi Verbs

Introduction


There are four types of -mi verbs:
1. Omicron class (di

2. Alpha class (i!sthmi, I set, stand), with the root sta-.

3. Epsilon class (ti

4. Upsilon (dei

Formation Rules


1. In the present and imperfect, the initial consonant is reduplicated and connected with an iota (cf. perfect). do (the root of di2. -mi verbs do not take a connecting vowel before the pronominal endings. Rather, the root’s final vowel may be retained, lengthened, or omitted. dido becomes didw.

3. The present form takes the following pronominal endings:


Singular

Plural

-mi


-men

-j

-te

-si

-asi

4. Most of the -mi verbs use the tense suffix ka rather than the normal sa (e.g., e@dwka). Don’t confuse this with the perfects.



di
Active Indicatives

Present

Imperfect

Future

Aorist

Perfect

Singular

1. di

e]di

dw

e@dwka

de

2. di

e]di

dw

e@dwkaj

de

3. di

e]di

dw

e@dwke(n)

de

Plural

1. di

e]di

dw

e]dw

dedw

2. di


e]di

dw

e]dw

dedw

3. dido

e]di

dw

e@dwkan

de

Other Moods

Active

Present Subjunctive

Aorist Subjunctive

Present Imperative

Aorist Imperative

Singular

1. didw?

dw?





2. did&?j

d&?j

di

do

3. did&?

d&?

dido

do

Plural

1. didw?men

dw?men




2. didw?te


dw?te

di

do

3. didw?si(n)

dw?si(n)

dido

do


Infinitives




Present Infinitive

Aorist Infinitive

Active

dido

dou?nai

Middle

di

do

Passive

di

doqh?nai


Present Middle/Passive (note how regular)

Singular

Plural

1. di

dido

2. di

di

3. di

di



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