Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Teens

e!ndeka


dw

triskai

dekate

dekape

11

12

13

14

15

Tens


ei@kosi

tria

tessara

penth

e[ch

20

30

40

50

60


Number One




Masc.

Fem.

Neut.

Nom.

ei$j

mi

e!n

Gen.

e[no

mia?j

e[no

Dat.

e[ni<

mi%?

e[ni<

Acc.

e!na

mi


e!n

Chapter 27 Summary: Comparatives, Adverbs, Conjunctions, and Clause Types

Comparative Adjectives


Greek uses either the endings -iwn or -teroj, -a, -on, or the particle h@ (than) to indicate a comparative. For example:


me

mei

mikro

mikro

Superlative Adjectives


Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

mikro

e]la

e]la

me

mei

meizo

Conjunctions: Structural Markers


Temporal

a@xri


until

o!te

when

e]pei<

when

pri

before

e]peidh<

when

w[j

when, as

e!wj

until








Causal (retrospective, explanation why)

ga

for

o!ti

because

dio

because

w[j

since

e]pei<

since

e]peidh<

since


Purpose (prospective, goal, intention)

i!na

in order that

o!pwj

in order that

w[j

in order that


Result

w!ste


so that

i!na

(may also sometimes mean) so that

w[j

so as

o!ti

so that

Continuative

de<

and, now

o!ti

that

i!na

that

ou#n

then, now

kai<

and

te<

and


Adversative

a]lla<

but

me

however

de<

but

ou#n

however

kai<

but








Particles

a]mh

so be it, truly, amen

a@n


(untranslated; occurs with the various moods and often with relative pronouns)

a@ra

therefore, then

ge<

indeed (emphasizes the word it goes with)

i@de

look! notice, behold

i]dou<

look! notice, behold

me

indeed (often with the relative pronoun), on the one hand

nai<

yes, indeed

Adverbs

In Greek we are familiar with several ways the verb may be modified in time, manner and place already.

1) One may use a participle in an adverbial manner (After leaving the store, he went home;

2) The articular infinitive is also used in an adverbial manner (before Phillip called you, I saw you....;).

3) Many prepositional phrases have an adverbial verb modifying function and indeed some adverbs actually became more prepositional in their function and are classed as “adverbial prepositions” (i.e. e@cw outside). Indeed, some words are classified as both improper preposition and adverb and some are marked by the –qen ending (o]pi

4) As in English where an adjective can be converted into an adverb by changing the ending (articulate/articulately) so in Greek using the genitive plural form an adverb may be form shifting the –wn ending to an –wj (e.g. kalw?n [good] becomes kalw?j [well].

5) There are explicit adverbs which help develop the meaning of the verb in time, manner, and location.

Time: au@rion (tomorrow), shto
Manner: ou!twj (thus/in this manner), taxe
Location: a@nw (above), a@nwqen (from above), kae]kei?qen (from there), w$de (here), e]nteu?qen (from there);




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