Names of trains agniveena Express

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Gomantak Express

Vasco da Gama – Miraj (MG)

The name Goa came to European languages from the Portuguese, but its precise origin is unclear. In ancient literature, Goa was known by many names such as Gomanta, Govapuri, Govem, and Gomantak. The Indian epic Mahabharata refers to the area now known as Goa, as Goparashtra or Govarashtra which means a nation of cowherds.
Hemavati Express

Mysore – Mangalore (MG)


The Hemavati River is a very important tributary of the Kaveri River. It originates in the Western Ghats in Chikkamagaluru District of Karnataka, and also flows through Hassan and Mysore districts before joining the Kaveri near Krishnarajasagar.
High Court Express

Manmad – Dharmabad (BG)


The official name of the train is Marathwada Express. People from Nanded and Parbhani districts use the train to attend sessions of the Mumbai High Court bench situated at Aurangabad, hence the nickname.
Ibadat Express

Rajendranagar Terminus – Ajmer (BG)


Very often cited as a train having different names in opposite directions, the name Ibadat Express has become synonymous with the Ziyarat Express, even though no timetable has ever mentioned the name Ibadat. The Arabic word ‘ibadat, which literally means to enslave oneself (to God), when it is used as a religious term, refers to the ordinances of divine worship.
Ichhamati Passenger

Sealdah – Hasnabad (BG)

Today the name is no longer used, as the passenger service is replaced by an EMU. Ichhamati River is a trans – boundary river which flows through India and Bangladesh, and also forms the boundary between the two countries. Ichhamati River flows from the Mathabhanga River, a distributary of the Padma, and after flowing for 208 km joins the Kalindi River near Hasnabad in North 24 Parganas.

Imperial Indian Mail

Bombay V.T. – Howrah via Allahabad (BG)


The 'Imperial Indian Mail', a prestigious train that ran between Bombay and Calcutta, was introduced by the East Indian Railway and the Great Indian Peninsular Railway in 1926. The train's schedule was such that the departures from Bombay made for convenient connections for passengers arriving by ship from England. The train was known for a high level of luxurious accommodation. It carried only 32 passengers, and their staff. This train was the forerunner of the Calcutta Mail trains of later years.
India Pakistan Express

Amritsar – Lahore (BG)


This train, the result of the Shimla Agreement, was the first attempt at normalization of relations between the two countries. It saw a lot of changes, including interchanging of Indian and Pakistani rakes, change of originating stations (from Amritsar – Lahore to Atari – Wagah, to Delhi – Atari and Wagah – Lahore), and a change of name to Samjhauta Express.
Indo Ceylon Express

Madras Egmore – Tuticorin/ Dhanushkodi (MG)

The Indo – Ceylon Express or Boat Mail was a train and steamer ferry service between India and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). In the late 19th century, the railway route in India was from Madras to Tuticorin. At Tuticorin, passengers embarked on the boat mail steamer to Colombo in Ceylon. The train took 21 hours and 50 minutes for the journey from Madras to Tuticorin. The boat mail was one of the early trains to be given vestibuled carriages, in 1898. After the Pamban Bridge was built, the train's route changed and it went from Madras to Dhanushkodi. A much shorter ferry service then took the passengers to Talaimannar in Ceylon, from where another train went to Colombo. In 1964 the Boat mail was washed into the sea by huge waves during a cyclone, and the tracks to Dhanushkodi were also destroyed.

Island Express

Kanniyakumari – Bangalore City (BG)


The Island Express runs between Bangalore and Kanniyakumari. No part of the train's route is on an island; the name was given because the predecessor of this train used to start its journey from the Cochin Harbor Terminus station on Willingdon Island, Kochi (Cochin) till the late 1970s. Later this train became Nagercoil Express after the gauge conversion between Cochin and Nagercoil via Thiruvananthapuram. Later it was extended to Kanniyakumari. The Island Express also experienced a horrible railway accident when a large number of its coaches fell into the lake Ashtamudi Kayal while crossing the railway bridge in July 1988, when hundreds lost their lives.
Jayanti Janata Express

Hazrat Nizamuddin – Mangalore/ Cochin H.T. (BG)

New Delhi – Muzaffarpur (BG)

Bombay V.T. – Trivandrum Central/ Kanniyakumari (BG)

Delhi – Ahmadabad (MG)
Introduced in 1972 to commemorate the Silver Jubilee (Jayanti) of Indian independence, these trains were meant to provide classless (Janata) accommodation. Today, they are still around, but with different names – Mangala Lakshadweep Express, Vaishali Express, Mumbai Kanniyakumari Express and Aravalli Express (partially).
Kalinga Express

Puri – Hazrat Nizamuddin (BG)

At one time, there were two trains running between Puri and Nizamuddin. Kalinga Express was the slower train, and Utkal Express was the faster version. Later the two trains were amalgamated to form the Kalinga Utkal Express, which was recently extended to Haridwar. Kalinga was an early kingdom in eastern India, which comprised most of the modern state of Orissa, as well as some northern areas of the bordering state of Andhra Pradesh. It was a rich and fertile land and was the scene of the bloody Kalinga War fought by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka the Great of Magadha in 265 BC. Utkal is another name for Orissa, the area around the Ganjam plains and the Mahanadi delta.

Kamala Gandak Express

Jaynagar – Gorakhpur (MG)


The Kamala River originates in the mountains near Sindhuli Garhi in Nepal, and takes a southern direction. It enters India near Jaynagar and then flows through the plains of Darbhanga District. One of its branch leads to the Bagmati River whereas another leads to Kosi River. The Gandak River is also known as the Kali Gandaki. It rises in Tibet near the Nepal border and overlooks the Dhualagiri peak. Flowing through Nepal, it then enters India. The river flows across the Gangetic plain of Bihar through the districts of Champaran, Saran and Muzaffarpur and eventually merges with the Ganga near at Hajipur and Patna. It is said that the Gandak River has changed and shifted its track about 80 km to the east due to slanting in the last 5000 years.
Kamban Express

Chennai Egmore – Nagore (MG)


Kamban was a great Tamil poet of the Chola age. He was born in the 9th century in Therazhundur, a village in the culturally rich Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu. He composed the famous ‘Kamba Ramayana`, which is regarded as the greatest epic in Tamil Literature. The family deity of this poet is Lord Narasimha, who was an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Lord Narasimha emerged from a Kamba (pillar) to save the child devotee Prahlada from his father’s attack. So, the devoted parents of Kamban named him after the name of `Kamba`. Kamban was also well versed in Sanskrit along with his mother language Tamil. The contemporary Chola king is believed to have granted to him a fief called Kamba Nadu and also the famous title ‘Kavi Chakravarti` or `the emperor among poets` the tide by which he is reverentially referred to even today. The BG version of the train will start running after gauge conversion is complete.

Kangra Queen Express

Pathankot – Palampur Himachal (NG)

Kangra Valley Express

Pathankot – Jogindernagar (NG)


Kangra Valley is situated in Himachal Pradesh. It is a popular tourist destination, with the peak season around March and April. Dharamsala, the headquarters of Kangra district, lies on the southern spur of Dhauladhar Ranges. Important tourist destinations in the valley are the towns of Kangra, Dharamsala, McLeod Ganj, Palampur and Baijnath.
Kanno Kuwari Express

Gwalior – Sheopur Kalan (NG)


The Kuwari (Kunwari) River, which means Virgin, is a river flowing in Morena and, Bhind districts of Madhya Pradesh. It is a tributary of the Sindh River and joins it in Etawah District of Uttar Pradesh. The Sindh River in turn immediately joins the Yamuna River. This NG express is now replaced by a Passenger Mixed train.
Kanyakubj Express

Kanpur Central – Kasganj (MG)


Kanyakubj Brahmins means Brahmins of the Kannauj region in Uttar Pradesh, centered on Kasganj. Kanyakubj Brahmins are well respected high kula Brahmins. Famous personalities in this community include Atal Bihari Vajpayee (former Prime Minister), the late Ravishankar Shukla (the first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh) and Shyamacharan Shukla (three times Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh). The name is probably derived from the valiant Prithviraj Chauhan’s feat in eloping with the princess of Kannauj, Samyukta, from right under her father’s nose during her Swayamvar, for which he was not invited. (Kanya : girl, Kubz : capture).
Kashmir Mail

Delhi – Pathankot/ Jammu Tawi (BG)

The Puranas describes the Kashmir Valley's origin from the waters. Ka means "water" and Shimir means "to desiccate". Hence, Kashmir stands for "a land desiccated from water." There is also a theory which takes Kashmir to be a contraction of Kashyap-mira or Kashyapmir or Kashyapmeru, the "sea or mountain of Kashyapa", the sage who is credited with having drained the waters of the primordial lake Satisar that Kashmir was before it was reclaimed. The Kashmiris, however, call it Kashir, which has been derived phonetically from Kashmir. The train used to terminate at Pathankot, which was the railhead for the state of Jammu and Kashmir before the railways entered it in the early 1970s. Today, the train exists as the Delhi – Udhampur Mail.

Kaziranga Express

Guwahati – Jorhat Town (MG)


Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. A World Heritage Site, the park hosts the Great One-horned Rhinoceroses, tigers elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. It is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra. According to one legend, a girl named Ranga, from a nearby village, and a youth named Kazi, from Karbi Anglong, fell in love. This match was not acceptable to their families and the couple disappeared into the forest, never to be seen again, and the forest was named after them. According to another legend, Srimanta Sankardeva, the sixteenth century Vaishnav saint-scholar, once blessed a childless couple, Kazi and Rangai, and asked them to dig a big pond in the region so that their name would live on. Kaziranga also could mean the "Land of red goats (Deer)", as the word Kazi in the Karbi language means "goat", and Rangai means "red". Some historians believe, however, that the name, Kaziranga, was derived from the Karbi word Kajir-a-rang, which means "the village of Kajir" (kajiror gaon). Among the Karbis, Kajir is a common name for a girl child, and it was believed that a woman named, Kajir, once ruled over the area.
Kerala Karnataka Express

New Delhi – Trivandrum Central/ Bangalore City

When in the 70s, four superfast trains were introduced to connect the 4 southern state capitals with Delhi, the train to Trivandrum and Bangalore (the capitals of Kerala and Karnataka respectively) used to run as a combined train till Jolarpettai, where they separated ways. It was only later that the two trains gained their own separate identities.

Kerala Mangala Express

Hazrat Nizamuddin – Trivandrum Central/ Mangalore


The Jayanti Janata Express serving both Trivandrum and Mangalore was renamed as the Kerala Mangala Express. Later the name Kerala was dropped and it was known only as the Mangala Express running to Mangalore. When it was diverted via the Konkan Railway, it was extended to Ernakulam to maintain connectivity of North Kerala with Delhi. It was also renamed as the Mangala Lakshadweep Express, ostensibly to provide the Union Territory of Lakshadweep with a train named after it.
Kittur Express

Bangalore City – Miraj (MG)


Kitturu Rani Chennamma (1778 - 1829) was the queen of the princely state of Kittur in Karnataka. In 1824, 33 years before the 1857 war of independence, she led an armed rebellion against the British in response to the Doctrine of lapse. The resistance ended in her martyrdom and she is remembered today as one of the earliest Indian rulers to have fought for independence. The train in its BG form is renamed as Rani Chennamma Express.
Kudal Express

Chennai Egmore – Madurai (MG)


Madurai is the oldest inhabited city in the Indian peninsula and the third largest city in Tamil Nadu. It is situated on the banks of the River Vaigai in Madurai district. The city is widely known as the Temple city, and is often also referred to as Koodal Maanagar, Cultural Capital of Tamil Nadu. The Chennai – Guruvayur Express somewhat follows the timings of the MG Express, and therefore is often referred to as the BG Kudal Express.
Lahori Passenger

Dehra Dun – Lahore/ Amritsar (BG)


The Dehra Dun – Lahore Passenger was terminated at Amritsar after partition, but retained its unofficial name for some years. Today it exists as the Dehra Dun – Amritsar Express.
Lake City Express

Jaipur – Udaipur City (BG)

When the BG link was to Udaipur was established, this train was introduced between Jaipur and Udaipur (the city of lakes). However, after its merger with the Gwalior – Jaipur Inter City Express, it seems to have lost its name.

Magadh Vikramshila Express

New Delhi – Patna/ Bhagalpur (BG)


For some time, this train ran with some coaches terminating at Patna (Magadh Express) and some going on to Bhagalpur (Vikramshila Express). The two trains are now separate.
Mahal Express

Chennai Egmore – Madurai (MG)


Thirumalai Nayakar Mahal palace complex in Madurai was constructed in the Indo-Saracen style by Thirumalai Nayakar in 1636. It is a national monument and is now under the care of the Tamil Nadu Archaeological Department. Thirumalai Nayak ruled Madurai between 1623 to 1659 CE. He was the most notable of the thirteen Madurai Nayak rulers in the 17th century.
Mahalaxmi Express

Miraj – Bangalore City (MG)

Miraj – Mangalore (MG)
This train was the MG link to the BG Mahalaxmi Express at Miraj, providing first connectivity between Bombay and Bangalore, and then when it was diverted, to Mangalore.
Mahanadi Express

Bilaspur – Bhopal via Nagpur (BG)


This was the counterpart of the Amarkantak Express, which ran via Katni – Jabalpur. A few years ago, it was cancelled and the Amarkantak ran daily. The Mahanadi (lit.: Great River) arises in the Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh and flows into Orissa, to enter the Bay of Bengal through a vast delta.
Manas Passenger

Guwahati – New Bongaigaon (MG)

Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a Wildlife Sanctuary, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam. The park area falls in six districts: Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang in Assam. The name of the park is derived from the Manas River, which is named after the serpent goddess Manasa. The Manas River is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River, which passes through the heart of the national park.

Mandovi Express

Vasco da Gama – Miraj (MG)


The Mandovi River is described as the lifeline of the state of Goa. The river has a length of 77 km and originates from a cluster of 30 springs at Bhimgad in the Western Ghats. The Dudhsagar Falls lie on the Mandovi. Panaji, the state capital and Old Goa, the former capital of Goa, are both situated on the left bank of the Mandovi.
Meenakshi Express

Kacheguda – Ajmer, later Jaipur – Purna (MG)

Madurai – Tirupati (MG)
Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located in the holy city of Madurai. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva (in the form of Sundareswarar or Beautiful Lord) and his consort, Goddess Parvati (in the form of Meenakshi). According to Hindu legend, Shiva came down to earth in the form of Sundareswarar to marry Meenakshi, an incarnation of Parvati. Parvati had earlier descended to earth in the form of a small child in response to the great penance of Malayadwaja Pandyan, the ruler of Madurai. After growing up to adulthood, she began ruling the city. The Lord appeared on earth and proposed to her. The marriage was supposed to be the biggest event on earth, with the whole earth gathering near Madurai. Why the Jaipur – Purna Express (or its predecessor the Kacheguda – Ajmer Express) was called the Meenakshi is not clear.
Nagarjuna Express

Tenali – Secunderabad (BG)

Acharya Nagarjuna (c. 150 – 250 AD) was an Indian philosopher who founded the Madhyamaka school of Mahayana Buddhism. He was born near the town of Nagarjuna Konda in present day Nagarjuna Sagar in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh. He was born into a Brahmin family, but later converted to Buddhism. This may be the reason he was one of the earliest significant Buddhist thinkers to write in classical Sanskrit rather than Pali. The train was merged with the Janmabhoomi Express running between Vishakhapatnam and Tenali, to form a direct day time Inter City train connecting Secunderabad with Vishakhapatnam.

Nandi Express

Mysore – Bangalore City (MG)


Nandi is the bull which Shiva rides, and who is the gate keeper of Shiva and Parvati’s abode in Hindu mythology. Temples venerating Shiva and Parvati display stone images of a seated Nandi, generally facing the main shrine. There are also a number of temples dedicated solely to Nandi. The Chamundi Hills are located close to the palace city of Mysore. There is a long stairway leading to the top of the hill and en route to the top, the steps pass the large monolithic statue of Nandi the Bull. This is the 3rd largest statue of Nandi in India, the two larger ones being at Lepakshi in Andhra Pradesh and Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu.
North Bank Express

Manihari Ghat – Siliguri (MG)


After the main route from Calcutta to Siliguri and Darjeeling was cut off due to the effects of partition of Bengal, the BG North Bengal Express used to run from Sealdah to Sakrigali Ghat near Sahibganj. From here, a ferry used to transport passengers and goods across the River Ganga to Manihari Ghat on the north bank, from where the MG North Bank Express used to carry on to Siliguri. This route was superseded by the Khejuria Ghat – Chamagram route towards Malda, and later on when the Farakka Barrage was built, trains could again run directly from Sealdah to New Jalpaiguri.
North Bengal Express

Sealdah – Sakrigali Ghat (BG)

After the main route from Calcutta to Siliguri and Darjeeling was cut off due to the effects of partition of Bengal, the BG North Bengal Express used to run from Sealdah to Sakrigali Ghat near Sahibganj. From here, a ferry used to transport passengers and goods across the River Ganga to Manihari Ghat on the north bank, from where the MG North Bank Express used to carry on to Siliguri. This route was superseded by the Khejuria Ghat – Chamagram route towards Malda, and later on when the Farakka Barrage was built, trains could again run directly from Sealdah to New Jalpaiguri.

North Bihar Express

Howrah – Barauni/ Muzaffarpur (BG)


The train used to connect Howrah to the northern part of Bihar – the cities of Barauni, Samastipur and Muzaffarpur. It was renamed as the Mithila Express.
Pawan Express

Lokmanya Tilak Terminus – Muzaffarpur/ Darbhanga (BG)

Kanpur Central – Kasganj (MG)
Pawan means the Wind. Both these trains are totally opposite to what their names may imply. Luckily the BG train (which initially ran from Bombay to Varanasi) now no longer bears the name, and the MG train does not run anymore due to gauge conversion.
Pink City Express

Delhi – Jaipur (MG)


One of the crack superfast trains of the MG era, sadly this train no longer runs after gauge conversion. Jaipur, also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital of Rajasthan and was once the former capital of the princely state of Jaipur. Founded on 18th November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, Jaipur is the first well planned city of India, built in sandstone. For the time, architecture of the town was very advanced and certainly the best in the Indian subcontinent. In 1853, when the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur, the whole city was painted pink to welcome him during the regime of Sawai Ram Singh. Today, avenues remain painted in pink, providing a distinctive appearance to the city.
Pooja Express

Delhi – Jaipur/ Ajmer (BG)

Pooja (Puja) (Sanskrit: reverence, honour, adoration or worship) is a ceremony of gratitude or a religious ritual performed as an offering to various deities, distinguished persons, or special guests. It is done on a variety of occasions and settings, from daily puja done in the home, to temple ceremonies and large festivals, or to begin a new venture. The train was merged with the Delhi – Jammu Tawi Express and now runs from Jammu Tawi to Ajmer, but the name is no longer official.

Qutb Express

Agra Cantt. – New Delhi (BG)


The train was a sort of reverse Taj Express which was introduced in the 1980s. It was later extended to Jabalpur and renamed the Qutb Narmada Express, which today is the Mahakoshal Express. The Qutab Minar (also spelled Qutb or Qutub), a tower in Delhi, is at 72.5 meters, the world's tallest brick minaret. It is situated in the Qutb complex, amidst the ruins of ancient Hindu temples which were destroyed and their stones used to build the Qutb complex and minar. Construction commenced in 1193 under the orders of India's first Muslim ruler Qutb-ud-din Aibak, and the topmost storey of the minaret was completed in 1386 by Firoz Shah Tughlak. The Qutb complex is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Delhi.
Qutb Narmada Express

Jabalpur – Hazrat Nizamuddin (BG)

Originally started as the Qutb Express between Agra and New Delhi, the train was extended to Jabalpur and renamed the Qutb Narmada Express. The Qutab Minar (also spelled Qutb or Qutub), a tower in Delhi, is at 72.5 meters, the world's tallest brick minaret. It is situated in the Qutb complex, amidst the ruins of ancient Hindu temples which were destroyed and their stones used to build the Qutb complex and minar. Construction commenced in 1193 under the orders of India's first Muslim ruler Qutb-ud-din Aibak, and the topmost storey of the minaret was completed in 1386 by Firoz Shah Tughlak. The Qutb complex is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Delhi. The Narmada is the fifth largest river in the Indian subcontinent. Narmada is a Sanskrit word meaning 'the Giver of Pleasure'. It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India and flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km before draining through the Gulf of Khambat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km west of Bharuch. It is one of only three major rivers in peninsular India that runs from east to west (largest west flowing river) along with the Tapti River and the Mahi River. It flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat. The Narmada happens to be one of the most sacred of the five holy rivers of India; the other four being Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari and Kaveri. It is believed that a dip in any of these five rivers washes ones sins away. According to a legend, the river Ganga is polluted by millions of people bathing in it. To cleanse herself, Ganga acquires the form of a black cow and comes to the Narmada to bathe in its holy waters.

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