Chauri Chaura is a town near Gorakhpur, famous for an event that took place on 4th February 1922 during British rule, when a police station was set on fire by a nationalist mob, killing 23 of the police occupants.
6735/ 6736 Chennai Egmore – Tiruchendur (SR Madurai division)
Tiruchendur means “a sacred and prosperous town of victory”. It is famous for the Tiruchendur Temple, the celebrated seashore temple of Lord Subrahmanya. The temple is on the shore of the Gulf of Mannar. Kartikeya (Subrahmanya) desired to worship his father, Lord Shiva. As there was no Shiva shrine there, Maya, the celestial architect, constructed the temple of Shiva on the sea front and Subrahmanya worshipped there. This shrine of Tiruchendur is believed to be most liked by Subrahmanya and has been given the second place among his shrines in the Skanda Puranam, the first being Palani.
2673/ 2674 Chennai Central – Coimbatore (SR Salem division)
The Chera Dynasty ruled in southern India from 300 BC until the 12th century AD. Their capital was Vanchi Muthur, the present-day Karur in Tamil Nadu. The word Chera means hill country, and they were most probably originally a hill tribe.
Chetak was the horse of Rana Pratap of Mewar, whom he rode during the gruesome Battle of Haldighati against the Mughal armies on 21st June, 1576. During the course of this battle, Chetak received a fatal wound on one of his legs. This was the turning point of the battle. Rana Pratap found himself surrounded by enemy soldiers. Chetak was exhausted and seriously wounded, but laboured on, carrying his master. About 2 miles from the site of the battle he came across a small stream. It was here, while trying to leap across the stream that Chetak collapsed. Maharana erected a small and beautiful monument for his beloved companion at the place where Chetak fell. This cenotaph still exists near the village of Jharol in Rajsamand District. Chetak lives on in poetic traditions as the epitome of loyalty.
Chhattisgarh was formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on 1st November, 2000. It takes its name from 36 (Chattis is thirty-six in Hindi and Garh is Fort) princely states in this region from very old times, though the listing of these 36 forts has always remained a point of dispute.
Chitrakuta (also spelt Chitrakoot) is a town in Satna district in the Madhya Pradesh. It was in these deep forests that Rama, Sita and Lakshmana spent eleven and half years of their fourteen years of exile. Rama performed the Shraddha ceremony of his father here and then left for the Dandaka forest further south.
7643/ 7644 Chennai Egmore – Kakinada Port (SCR Hyderabad division – RSA with
7651/ 7652 Chennai Egmore – Kacheguda Express)
The Northern Circars was a former division of British India's Madras Presidency, which consisted of a narrow slip of territory lying along the western side of the Bay of Bengal in the present-day states of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. The territory derived its name from Circar or Sarkar, a term applied to the component parts of a subah or province, each of which is administered by a deputy governor. These Northern Circars were five in number, Chicacole (Srikakulam), Rajahmundry, Ellore (Eluru), Kondapalli and Guntur. After changing hands frequently between the Bahamani Sultans, the Mughals, the Nizams of Hyderabad and the French, the British finally took over in 1768.
2339/ 2340 Howrah – Dhanbad (ER Howrah division)
The train is named after innumerous coalfields in the Dhanbad area.
Corbett Park Link Express
Jim Corbett National Park, named after the hunter turned conservationist, Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment, is the oldest national park in India, established in 1936. Situated in Nainital district of Uttaranchal, the park acts as a protected area for the critically endangered Bengal tiger of India.
2841/ 2842 Howrah – Chennai Central (SER Kharagpur division)
The land of the Chola dynasty was called Cholamandalam in Tamil, literally translated as “the realm of the Cholas”, from which Coromandel is derived. The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula.
Dakshin (Southern) Express originally ran from the capital New Delhi to the southern metropolis Madras, before it was diverted to Hyderabad.
2343/ 2344 Sealdah – New Jalpaiguri (ER Sealdah division)
One of the legendary and prestigious trains of India, running since time immemorial. It connects the capital of West Bengal, Kolkata with New Jalpaiguri, the road head for the Hill station of Darjeeling. The name 'Darjeeling' comes from the Tibetan words, dorje meaning thunderbolt (originally the scepter of Indra) and ling a place or land, hence “the land of the thunderbolt”.
Dayodaya means Compassion, especially towards a person of a lower status or an animal. It is not clear why this train is so named.
1007/ 1008 Mumbai C.S.T. – Pune (CR Pune division)
Deccan Queen Express
2123/ 2124 Mumbai C.S.T. – Pune (CR Mumbai division)
The Deccan Plateau, also known as the Peninsular Plateau is a large plateau, making up the majority of the southern part of the country, The name Deccan is an anglicized form of the Prakrit word Dakkhin, itself derived from the Sanskrit word Dakshina, meaning south.
2143/ 2144 Nagpur – Gaya (CR Nagpur division)
Deekshabhoomi is a sacred monument of Buddhism at the place where Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was converted to Buddhism along with thousands of his followers on 14th October 1956. It is situated in Nagpur, a location regarded as a pilgrimage center of Buddhism in India. A great Stupa is built at that place. Deeksha literally means “acceptance of religion”. Bhoomi means land. So, literally Deekshabhoomi means the land where people get converted to Buddhism.
Daulatabad, meaning “City of Prosperity”, is a 14th century fort city, about 16 km northwest of Aurangabad. The place was once as known as Devgiri (the Hill of God). Starting 1327, it famously remained the capital of Muhammad bin Tughlak, Sultan of Delhi, who also changed its name, and forcibly moved the entire population of Delhi here for two years, before it was abandoned due to lack of water.
4035/ 4036 Delhi – Pathankot (NR Delhi division)
The Dhauladhar (White Mountain) range is a southern branch of the main Outer Himalayan chain of mountains. It rises spectacularly from the Indian plains to the north of Kangra and Dharamsala. Pathankot is the railhead for these Hill stations.
Dhauli (White) hill is located 8 km south of Bhubaneshwar. It has major Edicts of Ashoka engraved on a mass of rock. Dhauli hill is presumed to be the area where Kalinga War was fought. Ashoka had a special weakness for Dhauli and saw to it that the place became an important centre of Buddhist activities. On the top of the hill a dazzling white peace pagoda has been recently built by the Japan Buddha Sangha and the Kalinga Nippon Buddha Sangha in the 1970s.
3007/ 3008 Howrah – Dehra Dun (ER Howrah division)
Dera (or Dehra) is a camp, while Dun or Doon is a reference to a local term used for a river valley between a smaller range Shivaliks and the main Himalayas.
2259/ 2260 Sealdah – New Delhi (ER Sealdah division)
Duronto (Bangla: "quick") Express trains are a set of specialized rail services by Indian Railways. These are the non-stop point to point rail services introduced for the first time in the history of India. These services connect the metros and major state capitals. Introduced in the Indian Rail Budget 2009-10, these trains run non-stop from source and destinations with some technical and crew halts in the journey. The Duronto express trains are projected to be the fastest trains in India.
5635/ 5636 Okha – Guwahati (NFR Lumding division)
Dwarka, near Okha, derives its name from word “dwar” meaning door or gate in Sanskrit. It is considered to be one of the holiest cities in Hinduism and one of the 4 main "dhams".
East Coast Express
Howrah – Hatia Express)
Originally ran from Howrah to Vijayawada, before it was extended to Hyderabad. The name is self explanatory, though it does not run along the entire stretch of the east coast.
4795/ 4796 Bhiwani – Kalka (NWR Bikaner division)
Ekta means Unity, and this train connecting southern areas of Haryana with the capital Chandigarh, supposedly unifies the state.
6605/ 6606 Mangalore Central – Kochuveli (SR Palakkad division)
Eranad was a small fiefdom which was one of the four states (Eranad, Kolathunadu, Perumpadapu and Venad) that made up the Chera Empire. The Saamoothiri rulers originally were Eradis (rulers of Eranad). In the 14th century, they captured most of this area, including Kozhikkode and renamed it Thrivikramapuram. They then assumed the title of Samudrathiri (meaning "one who has the sea for his border") and continued to rule from Kozhikkode. The title Samudrathiri was shortened to Saamoothiri over time, which the Europeans converted to Zamorin.
Falaknuma Palace is one of the finest palaces in Hyderabad. It is located in Falaknuma, 5 km from the Charminar, and was built by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umra in 1884 – 1889, the then Prime Minister of Hyderabad. Falaknuma literally means "Star of Heaven" in Urdu.
3413/ 3414 Delhi – Malda Town via Sultanpur (ER Malda division)
3483/ 3484 Delhi – Malda Town via Faizabad (ER Malda division)
Completed in 1974-75, the Farakka Barrage is a dam on the Ganga River located in West Bengal, roughly 10 km from the border with Bangladesh. The dam was built to divert the Ganga water into the Hooghly River during the dry season in order to flush out the accumulating silt which was a problem at the major port of Kolkata. This is the longest barrage in the world.
Flying Ranee Express
2921/ 2922 Mumbai Central – Surat (WR Mumbai division)
The Flying Queen connecting Mumbai with south Gujarat was once one of the fastest connections between Mumbai and Surat.
3017/ 3018 Howrah – Azimganj (ER Howrah division)
Tarashankar Bandyopadhyay, 1898 – 1971, was one of the leading Bengali novelists. He was born in Birbhum district. In 1966, he received the Jnanpith Award for his novel Ganadebata (Lord of the People) written in 1942.
Ganga Damodar Express
The Damodar River (“Damu”: sacred, “da”: water) originates in Palamau district of Jharkhand on the Chhota Nagpur Plateau, and flows eastward for about 592 km through the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal to the estuary of the River Hooghly. Patna is on the south bank of the Ganga River, and this train connects it to Dhanbad, which is in the Damodar basin.
The train connects Allahabad (on the Ganga river) with Lucknow (on the Gomti) river.
Ganga Kaveri Express
2669/ 2670 Chennai Central – Chhapra (SR Chennai division)
The train connects Varanasi and Chhapra (on the Ganga River) with Chennai. In the past, it used to go to Chennai Beach station, from where an MG Ganga Kaveri Express used to run to Rameswaram through the Kaveri river basin.
Ganga Sagar Express
Sagar Island, also known as Gangasagar, lies where the Hooghly River (considered by many to be the main channel of the Ganga River) meets the Bay of Bengal, about 150 km south of Kolkata. This island is a famous Hindu pilgrim place where every year on the day of Makar Sankranti (mid January), thousands of Hindus gathered to take a holy dip in the confluence of Ganga, the second largest congregation of mankind in India after the holy Kumbha Mela.
Ganga Sutlej Express
The train originally used to run from Varanasi on the Ganga River with Ludhiana on the Sutlej River, before it was extended in both directions. The train is also known as Kisan (Farmer) Express in Uttar Pradesh, probably as it passes through the fertile plains of Northern India.
4043/ 4044 Kotdwara – Delhi (NR Delhi division)
Garhwal is a region and administrative division of Uttaranchal. It is believed that Garhwal was named so because it had 52 petty chieftainships, each chief with his own independent fortress (Garh). Nearly 500 years ago, one of these chiefs, Ajai Pal, reduced all the minor principalities under his own sway, and founded the Garhwal Kingdom. After a brief period of Gorkha rule, the British took over, handing over the princely state of Tehri Garhwal to its original rulers.
Hazrat Shaikh Khwaja Syed Muhammad Moinuddin Chishti was born in 1141 and died in 1230. Also known as Gharib Nawaz or “Benefactor of the Poor”, he is the most famous Sufi saint of the Chishti Order. He was born in Persia, but turned towards India, reputedly after a dream in which Prophet Muhammad blessed him to do so, and settled down in Ajmer. There he attracted a substantial following, acquiring a great deal of respect amongst the residents of the city. Today, hundreds of thousands of people – Muslims, Hindus, Christians and others, from the Indian sub-continent, and from other parts of the world – assemble at his tomb on the occasion of his Urs (death anniversary).
Garib Rath Express
This is a class of trains providing AC travel (3Tier AC, and often AC Chair car) at affordable prices. The name means “Chariot of the Poor”, and many people find the name distasteful.
6203/ 6204 Chennai Central – Tirupati (SWR Mysore division – RSA with 213/ 214
Mysore – Tirupati Passenger)
Tirumala Venkateswara (Balaji) Temple is a famous Hindu Temple of Lord Venkateswara located in the hill town Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh. The temple is built on the Venkatadri hill, one of the seven hills of Tirumala, and hence is also known as the Temple of Seven Hills (Saptagiri in Sanskrit). The Tirumala Hill is 3200 ft above sea level and comprises seven peaks, representing the seven hoods of Adisesha, thus earning the name, Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri (the Hill of Garuda, the vehicle of Lord Vishnu), Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri.
3153/ 3154 Sealdah – Malda Town (ER Sealdah division)
Gaur, or Gour as it is spelt mostly in modern times, or Lakhnauti is a ruined city, in the Malda district of West Bengal. It is said to have been founded by Lakshmana, and its most ancient name was Lakshmanavati. The area known as Gauda (Gauka, of Gau/ Cow) at the time was under the rule of the Pala and Sena dynasties of Bengal. In 1198 it was conquered by the Muslims, who retained it as the chief seat of their power in Bengal for more than three centuries. Around the year 1350, the Sultans of Bengal established their independence, and transferred their seat of government to nearby Pandua, plundering Gaur of every monument that could be removed. Gaur was sacked by Sher Shah in 1539, and was occupied by Akbar's general in 1575. This occupation was followed by an outbreak of the plague, which completed the downfall of the city. Since then it has been little better than a heap of ruins, almost overgrown with jungle.
2737/ 2738 Kakinada Port – Secunderabad (SCR Secunderabad division)
Legend has it that Sage Gautama lived on the Brahmagiri Hills at Triambakeshwar and kept his stock of rice in a granary. Once, a cow entered his granary and ate up the rice. When the rishi tried to ward the cow away with Durbha grass, it fell dead. The rishi wanted to relieve himself of the sin of ‘Gohatya’ (cow slaughter). He worshipped Lord Shiva and requested him to bring Ganga to purify his hermitage. Lord Shiva pleased with the rishi appeared as Triambaka and brought along river Ganga. Since Ganga was brought down to Triambakeshwar by Sage Gautama, she is also known as Gautami. She is also known as Godavari because the river helped Sage Gautama to relieve his sins. Kakinada lies near the delta of the Godavari River (East Godavari district).
8410 Sri Jagannath Express)
Gitanjali (Bangla Gitanjoli) is a collection of 103 English poems, largely translations, by the Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore. The word Gitanjoli is composed from "git", song, and "anjoli", offering, and thus means "An offering of songs", but the word for offering, anjoli, has a strong devotional connotation, so the title may also be interpreted as "prayer offering of song".
These two trains connect the national capital with the state of Goa. The name Goa came to European languages from the Portuguese, but its precise origin is unclear. In ancient literature, Goa was known by many names such as Gomanta, Govapuri, Govem, and Gomantak. The Indian epic Mahabharata refers to the area now known as Goa, as Goparashtra or Govarashtra which means a nation of cowherds.
1059/ 1060 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus – Chhapra (CR Mumbai division)
Godaan (The Gift of a Cow) is a Hindi novel by Munshi Premchand. Themed around the socio economic deprivation as well as the exploitation of the village poor, the novel was the last complete novel of Premchand (1880 – 1936).
2727/ 2728 Vishakhapatnam – Hyderabad (SCR Secunderabad division)
These are two trains bearing the names of the same river, one near its source (Nasik), and one near its mouth (Rajahmundry). Legend has it that Sage Gautama lived on the Brahmagiri Hills at Triambakeshwar and kept his stock of rice in a granary. Once, a cow entered his granary and ate up the rice. When the rishi tried to ward the cow away with Durbha grass, it fell dead. The rishi wanted to relieve himself of the sin of ‘Gohatya’. He worshipped Lord Shiva and requested him to bring Ganga to purify his hermitage. Lord Shiva pleased with the rishi appeared as Triambaka and brought along river Ganga. Since then Ganga is also known as Godavari because the river helped Sage Gautama to relieve his sins.
It used to run from Gonda to Mathura before GC closed down much of its original route. Gokul is a town Mathura district located 15 km south-east of Mathura. According to Hindu mythology, Gokul was the place where Lord Krishna was brought up under the care of Nanda and Yashoda.
In the 16th century, Golkonda was the capital and fortress city of the Qutb Shahi kingdom, near Hyderabad. According to a legend, the fort derives its name from Golla Konda, which is a Telugu word for Shepherd's Hill. It is believed that a shepherd boy came across an idol on the hill. This led to the construction of a mud fort by the then Kakatiya dynasty ruler of the kingdom around the site. The Kakatiya dynasty was followed by the state of Warangal, which was later conquered by the Islamic Bahamani Sultanate. The fort became the capital of a major province in the Sultanate and after its collapse, the capital of the Qutb Shahi kings.