Paliakalan is a city in Kheri district Uttar Pradesh. Dudhwa National Park, India’s second largest sanctuary and home to Rhinos, Tigers, countless animal species, birds, insects, reptiles etc is adjacent to the town.
4163/ 4164 Allahabad – Meerut City (NCR Allahabad division)
Sangama is the Sanskrit word for confluence. The Triveni Sangam in Allahabad is a confluence of 3 rivers, the Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati. Of these three, the river Saraswati is invisible and is said to flow underground and join the other two rivers from below. The point of confluence is a sacred place for Hindus. A bath here is said to wash away all of one's sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth.
2295/ 2296 Bangalore City – Patna (SWR Bangalore division)
Sanghamitta or Sanghamitra in Sanskrit (whose name means "friend of the Sangha") was the daughter of Emperor Ashoka, the Mauryan ruler whose capital was at Patna, and his Buddhist queen Devi. Together with Venerable Mahinda, her twin brother, she entered an order of Buddhist monks. The two siblings later went to Sri Lanka to spread the teachings of Buddha.
Sapt Kranti Express
2557/ 2558 Muzaffarpur – New Delhi (ECR Sonpur division)
On 26June 1962, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, freedom fighter and socialist, expounded the Sapt Kranti (Seven revolutions) theory in Nainital. He said the 20th century has two characteristics: first, it is the most ruthless era of the world; and second, the extent no era has fought against injustice as this era did. The Seven Revolutions are 1) Bridging the divide between the rich and poor 2) National equality in terms of wages 3) Stopping the injustice by the upper castes on the lower castes 4) Equality between men and women 5) Ending of apartheid 6) The campaign against nuclear weapons 7) Personal matters relating to lifestyle and marriages in which political parties and government have no role to play.
6057/ 6058 Chennai Central – Tirupati (SR Chennai division)
Tirumala Venkateswara (Balaji) Temple is a famous Hindu Temple of Lord Venkateswara located in the hill town Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh. The temple is built on the Venkatadri hill, one of the seven hills of Tirumala, and hence is also known as the Temple of Seven Hills (Saptagiri in Sanskrit). The Tirumala Hill is 3200 ft above sea level and comprises seven peaks, representing the seven hoods of Adisesha, thus earning the name, Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri.
2345/2346 Howrah – Guwahati (ER Howrah division)
Saraighat is a place near Guwahati in Assam, on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra. Sarai was a small village where the old abandoned N.F. Railway station of Amingaon was located. The famous Battle of Saraighat was fought in 1671 between the Mughal Empire and the Ahom Kingdom near this place on the river. There is a road-cum-rail bridge over the river Brahmaputra joining the north & the south banks at Saraighat. This bridge is the first bridge on the River Brahmaputra in Assam.
5159/ 5160 Durg – Chhapra (NER Varanasi division)
Sarnath (also called Mrigadava, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence. Sarnath is located 13 km north-east of Varanasi. Mrigadava means "deer-park". The Deer Park was the forest gifted by the king of Benares, where the deer might wander unmolested. Sarnath, from Saranganath, means "Lord of the Deer" and relates to another old Buddhist story in which the Bodhisattva is a deer and offers his life to a king instead of the doe the latter is planning to kill. The king is so moved that he creates the park as a sanctuary for deer. The park is still there today. The train used to originate from Varanasi initially, before it was extended to Chhapra.
Ahmadabad is closely related to Mahatma Gandhi and his principles. Sarvodaya is a term meaning 'universal uplift' or 'progress of all'. The term was first coined by Gandhiji as the title of his 1908 translation of John Ruskin's tract on political economy, Unto This Last, and Gandhi came to use the term for the ideal of his own political philosophy.
The Saryu is a river flowing through Uttar Pradesh, and which is of ancient significance, finding mention in the Vedas and Ramayana. The Rivers Karnali and Mahakali join in Bahraich District and are known as the Saryu River. Lord Rama’s capital city of Ayodhya is on the banks of the Saryu. On Ram Navami, the festival that celebrates the birthday of Lord Rama, thousands of people take a dip in the sacred river. The name is the feminine derivative of the Sanskrit root sar "to flow"; as a masculine stem, sarayu- means "air, wind", i.e. "that which is streaming".
Saryu Yamuna Express
The train used to originally run between Delhi and Varanasi via Faizabad. Thus it was named for the two rivers that pass through Delhi and Faizabad (Ayodhya) – the Yamuna and the Saryu. The Yamuna is named for the goddess Yami, the sister of Yama, god of death, and the daughter of Surya, the Sun god. The name Saryu is the feminine derivative of the Sanskrit root sar "to flow"; as a masculine stem, sarayu- means "air, wind", i.e. "that which is streaming".
The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. Rising in eastern Gujarat and running east through Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to Chhattisgarh, the range parallels the Vindhya Range to the north, and these two east-west ranges divide the Indo-Gangetic plain of northern India from the Deccan Plateau to the south. At its eastern end, the Satpura range meets the hills of the Chhota Nagpur Plateau. The range, the name of which means “Seven Folds,” forms the watershed between the Narmada (north) and Tapti (south) rivers.
The Satavahana Empire also known as Andhras were a dynasty which ruled from Junnar (Pune), Prathisthan (Paithan) in Maharashtra and Kotilingala (Karimnagar) in Andhra Pradesh over Southern and Central India from around 230 BC onward. The dynasty lasted about 450 years, until around 220 AD. The Satavahanas are credited for establishing peace in the country, resisting the onslaught of foreigners after the decline of Mauryan empire. Satavahanas or Satkarnis, is Sanskritised as Shatvahana, Shalivahana and Shatakarni. The proper Sanskritization of Sata is Sapti (Horse), Saptikarna would indicate a split-totem, horse-ear, the terminations Karna and vahana can both indicate ‘descent from’.
Satyagraha is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji deployed satyagraha in campaigns for Indian independence and also during his earlier struggles in South Africa. The first Satyagraha revolutions occurred in Champaran district of Bihar between the years of 1918 and 1919. Satyagraha is a synthesis of the Sanskrit words Satya (truth) and Agraha (holding firmly to).
9005/ 9006 Mumbai Central – Okha/ Veraval (WR Mumbai division)
9215/ 9216 Mumbai Central – Porbandar (WR Bhavnagar division)
Saurashtra (meaning Hundred states) is a region of western India, located on the Arabian Sea coast of Gujarat. It is a peninsula, also called Kathiawar after the Kathi Darbar rulers who ruled part of the region once. After India's independence in 1947, 217 princely states of Kathiawar and Saurashtra (sometimes called Sorath), including the former kingdom of Junagadh, were grouped together to form the state of Saurashtra in 1948. The capital of Saurashtra was Rajkot. On 1st November 1956, Saurashtra was merged into Bombay state. In 1960 Bombay state was divided along linguistic lines into the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The territory of Saurashtra, including that of the former kingdom of Sorath or Junagadh is now part of the state of Gujarat.
Sayajirao Gaekwad III (1863 – 1939), was the Maharaja of Baroda from 1875 to 1939, and is notably remembered for reforming much of his state during his rule. Some of his major reforms included education of his subjects, uplifting of the downtrodden, and judicial, agricultural and social reforms. He played a key role in the development of Baroda's textile industry, and his educational and social reforms included among others, a ban on child marriage, legislation of divorce, removal of untouchability, spread of education, development of Sanskrit, ideological studies and religious education as well as the encouragement of the fine arts. His economic development initiatives included the establishment of a railroad (Narrow gauge system centered on Dabhoi) and the founding in 1908 of the Bank of Baroda. The city of Vadodara (Baroda) is often called Sayajinagari meaning ‘city of Sayaji’ after him. The train used to initially run from Vadodara to Mumbai when introduced, before it was amalgamated with Vadodara – Gandhidham Express, and then later on extended to Bhuj.
2487/ 2488 Jogbani – Delhi (NR Delhi division)
“Seema” means border (limit), and Jogbani is on the India – Nepal border, and almost contiguous with the Nepalese town of Biratnagar, gateway to Eastern Nepal.
7209/ 7210 Bangalore City – Kakinada Town (SCR Vijayawada division)
Tirumala Venkateswara (Balaji) Temple is a famous Hindu Temple of Lord Venkateswara located in the hill town Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh. The temple is built on the Venkatadri hill, one of the seven hills of Tirumala, and hence is also known as the Temple of Seven Hills (Saptagiri in Sanskrit). The Tirumala Hill is 3200 ft above sea level and comprises seven peaks, representing the seven hoods of Adisesha, thus earning the name, Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri (the Hill of Sesha, the Eternal Serpent on whom Lord Vishnu reposes), Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri.
Sewagram is Hindi for "A village for service" and is the name of a village 8 km from Wardha in Maharashtra. This was the place of Gandhiji’s ashram. Previously it was named as Shegaon; it was Mahatma Gandhi who renamed it to Sewagram. The small homes which were built in the ashram for Gandhi and Kasturba, and his followers were similar to the typical village homes. The ashram employed some harijans in the common kitchen to break the caste barrier. Sewagram is home to the first rural medical college in India, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences and an engineering college.
Shaktipunj means “Full of Energy”. Initially the train used to run from Howrah to Singrauli. Singrauli is fast emerging as an energy hub of India, especially for electric power and coal, and therefore locally it is also called Urjanchal (a Hindi word which means land of energy). The total installed capacity of all power plants at Singrauli is around ten percent of total installed capacity of India.
The Shalimar Garden is a fine Mughal garden built by the Emperor Jahangir, in the lake city of Srinagar. It was built specially for his beloved and talented wife, Mehrunissa, titled Noor Jahan. Upon completion of the gardens, the emperor is said to have recited the famous Persian expression in praise of Kashmir's beauty: If there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this.
Shane Bhopal Express
The “Glory of Bhopal”, the country's first ISO train, has added another feather to its cap - that of becoming the first disabled-friendly train in the country. The train already had an exclusive coach for the physically-challenged. It has now added tags specifying seat and berth numbers in Braille in all the coaches. These tags are fitted along the aisle so visually-challenged persons can feel their way to their seats without disturbing other passengers. Bhopal is said to have been founded by the Parmara King Bhoj (1000–1055), who had his capital at Dhar. The city was originally known as Bhojpal named after Bhoj and the dam ('pal') that he is said to have constructed to form the lakes surrounding Bhopal.
The “Glory of Punjab”, connecting the main cities of Punjab, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ludhiana with the national capital Delhi.
9309/ 9310 Gandhinagar Capital – Indore (WR Ratlam division)
Shanti means Peace. The train is named after one more of Gandhiji’s principles.
2337/ 2338 Howrah – Bolpur (ER Howrah division)
Shantiniketan is a small town near Bolpur in Birbhum district of West Bengal, made famous by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, whose vision became what is now a university town (Vishwa-Bharati University) that attracts thousands of visitors each year. Shantiniketan is also a tourist attraction because Rabindranath wrote many of his literary classics here, and his house is a place of historical importance. Shantiniketan was previously called Bhubandanga (named after Bhuban Dakat, a local dacoit), and owned by the Tagore family. Rabindranath's father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, found it very peaceful and renamed it Shantiniketan, which means abode (niketan) of peace (shanti).
1035/ 1036 Dadar – Mysore (CR Mumbai division)
The Sharavati River originates and flows entirely within the state of Karnataka. It is one of the few westward flowing rivers of India. The famous Jog Falls are formed by this river. The river Sharavati originates at a place called Ambutheertha in the Thirthahalli taluka of Shimoga district, and it joins the Arabian Sea at Honnavar in Uttar Kannada district.
2001/ 2002 Bhopal – New Delhi (NR Delhi division)
2001A/ 2002A Bhopal – New Delhi (NR Delhi division)
2003/ 2004 Lucknow – New Delhi (NR Delhi division)
2005/ 2006 New Delhi – Kalka (NR Delhi division)
2007/ 2008 Chennai Central – Mysore (SR Chennai division)
2009/ 2010 Mumbai Central – Ahmadabad (WR Mumbai division)
2011/ 2012 New Delhi – Kalka (NR Delhi division)
2013/ 2014 New Delhi – Amritsar (NR Firozpur division)
2015/ 2016 New Delhi – Ajmer (NR Delhi division)
2017/ 2018 New Delhi – Dehra Dun (NR Delhi division)
2019/ 2020 Howrah – Ranchi (ER Howrah division)
2027/ 2028 Chennai Central – Bangalore City (SWR Bangalore division)
2029/ 2030 New Delhi – Amritsar (NR Delhi division)
2031/ 2032 New Delhi – Amritsar (NR Delhi division)
2033/ 2034 Kanpur Central – New Delhi (NCR Allahabad division)
Shatabdi Express trains are a series of fully air conditioned, fully reserved superfast express trains operated by Indian Railways to connect Metro cities with other cities important for tourism, pilgrimage or business. Shatabdi Expresses are day-trains and they return to the station of origin the same day. The Shatabdis are among the fastest trains in India and the Indian Railways considers them as prestigious. They have a regular speed of 100-130 km/h. The 2001 Bhopal Shatabdi Express, however, runs at a peak speed of 150 km/h, which makes it the fastest train in India. The word "Shatabdi" means centenary in Sanskrit, Hindi and several Indian languages. The first Shatabdi train was started in 1988 to commemorate the centenary of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's Birthday (the First Prime Minister of India). It operated from New Delhi to Gwalior, later extended to Jhansi, then finally to Bhopal.
9305/ 9306 Howrah – Indore (WR Ratlam division)
The Shipra, more correctly the Kshipra, is a river in Madhya Pradesh. The river rises in the Vindhya Ranges, north of Dhar, and flows south across the Malwa Plateau to join the Chambal River. It is one of the sacred rivers in Hinduism. The holy city of Ujjain is situated on its right bank. Every 12 years, the Kumbha Mela takes place on the city's elaborate riverside Ghats. The word Shipra is used as a symbol of "purity" (of soul, emotions, body, etc.) or "chastity" or "clarity".
1405/ 1406 Manmad – Kakinada Town (CR Bhusaval division)
Sai Baba of Shirdi (Unknown – October 15th 1918), also known as Shirdi Sai Baba, was a guru and yogi, regarded by his followers as an incarnation of God. There are many stories and eyewitness accounts of miracles he performed. Baba reportedly arrived at the village of Shirdi in the Ahmadnagar district of Maharashtra, when he was about 16 years old. It is generally accepted that Baba stayed in Shirdi for three years and then disappeared for a year. In 1858 Sai Baba returned to Shirdi with Chand Patil's wedding procession. After alighting near the Khandoba temple he was greeted with the words "Ya Sai" (Marathi: welcome saint) by the temple priest Mhalsapati. The name Sai stuck to him and some time later he started being known as Sai Baba.
Shiv Ganga Express
2559/ 2560 Varanasi – New Delhi (NER Varanasi division)
Varanasi is situated on the Ganga River, and is also known for the Kashi Vishwanath Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. When Lord Brahma ordered the Goddess Ganga to go down to Earth and then on to the nether regions so that the souls of Bhagiratha's ancestors would be able to go to heaven, Ganga felt that this was insulting and decided to sweep the whole earth away as she fell from the heavens. Alarmed, Bhagiratha prayed to Shiva that He break up Ganga's descent. Ganga arrogantly fell on Shiva's head. But Shiva calmly trapped her in his hair and let her out in small streams. The touch of Shiva further sanctified Ganga.
241/ 242 Kalka – Shimla (NR Ambala division)
The Shivalik Hills or Range, sometimes called the Outer Himalaya, are the southernmost and geologically youngest east-west mountain chain of the Himalayan System. The Shivaliks crest at 600 to 1,200 meters and have many sub-ranges. They extend 1,600 km from the Teesta River in Sikkim, westward through Nepal and Uttaranchal, continuing into Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir and Northern Pakistan. The Shivalik Deluxe Express is a connecting service to Howrah-Kalka Mail for Shimla. It accommodates 120 passengers and reaches its destination in 4.45 hrs. The coaches are equipped with wall-to-wall carpeting, wide glass windows and reversible cushioned chairs. Improved lighting and a music system creates a pleasant atmosphere. The fare for the Shivalik Deluxe Express is Rs. 340/- with a complimentary meal at the picturesque railway station of Barog.
Shram Shakti Express
2451/ 2452 Kanpur Central – New Delhi (NCR Allahabad division)
This is the only truly non stop end – to – end run on Indian Railways (the yet to be introduced Kanpur Reverse Shatabdi will be another one). The name of the train means “power of labor”, and may refer to the labor class working in the factories of Kanpur.
9051/ 9052 Valsad – Sonpur (WR Mumbai division)
Shramik means Laborer. This train is mostly used by laborers who migrate from Bihar in search of jobs to richer provinces like Gujarat.
2391/ 2392 Rajgir – New Delhi (ECR Danapur division)
Shramjeevi means “Living by labor”, again a reference to the laborers who migrate from Bihar in search of jobs in the national capital. Sometimes, the train is known as Shramjeevi Nalanda Express, especially after its extension from Patna to Rajgir. Nalanda is the name of an ancient university in Bihar, 55 miles south east of Patna and close to the town of Rajgir. It was a Buddhist center of learning from 427 to 1197 AD, and has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history”. The name is a Tamil word that means giver of Wellness, (clearly from nalam, wellness, and da, to give)
2725/ 2726 Bangalore City – Dharwad (SWR Hubli division)
Siddhaganga is a famous pilgrim center in Tumkur District. It has a hilltop temple dedicated to Sri Siddhalingeshwara Swamy, a great revered Veerashaiva Saint who is considered as an incarnation of Lord Shiva. He is regarded as one of the greatest Saints of the Veerashaiva Sect in the Hindu religion. The Veerashaiva Mutt, an important educational and pilgrim center, lies in this place. Siddhaganga is about 70 km from Bangalore and the nearest railhead is Tumkur.
2115/ 2116 Mumbai C.S.T. – Solapur (CR Pune division – RSA with 1011/ 1012
Shri Siddharameshwar was a historical figure of the 12th century, whose "Karmayoga" in his own native land-Solapur, turned him into a God-figure over the course of time. He preached the teachings of Shri Basaveshwara. A young girl, inspired by the teachings of this saint, wished to marry him. Siddaram being a brahmachari denied to marry her and gave permission for her to marry his Yogadanda. The same marriage function is celebrated every year on the Makar Sankranti around 14th January every year, in the Siddheshwar temple in the middle of the lake in the heart of Solapur city.
Initially the train was only the Mahananda Express, but the name Sikkim was joined to it when it was decided to “give” each state or union territory a train named after it. The Mahananda River is a river that originates in the district of Darjeeling in West Bengal. It flows through West Bengal and Bihar in India and Bangladesh to join the Ganga near the town of Chapai Nawabganj. Mahananda in Sanskrit and several other languages means "great happiness" or someone who has achieved such a state. The most widely accepted origin of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two words Su, which means "new", and Khyim, which means "palace" or house, in reference to the palace built by the state's first ruler, Phuntsog Namgyal.
7241/ 7241 Narasapur – Vishakhapatnam (SCR Vijayawada division)
Simhadri or Simhachalam temple is a Hindu temple located in Vishakhapatnam, dedicated to the incarnation (avatar) of Vishnu known as Narasimha (the man-lion). Simha: Lion; Adri or Achala: Hill (one which cannot be moved, viz. hill). Atop the hill is a famous temple said to be the abode of Varaha Narasimha Swami, and hence the hill itself is called (nara) Simhachalam.