Nyelvi jogok és kisebbségvédelem A. Nemzetközi jogi dokumentumok

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MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet

Többnyelvűségi Kutatóközpont


Nyelvi jogok és kisebbségvédelem

A.Nemzetközi jogi dokumentumok


Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948): http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966): http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm

Declaration on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (1992) http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/minorities.htm

Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001): http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001271/127160m.pdf

Resolution on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (2004) http://www.ciemen.org/mercator/index-gb.htm

Universal Declaration on Linguistic Rights (2006): http://www.unesco.org/cpp/uk/declarations/linguistic.pdf

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007): http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/drip.html

2.Európa Tanács

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950) http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/treaties/html/005.htm

Recommendation 1134 on the rights of minorities (1990) http://assembly.coe.int/Main.asp?link=/Documents/AdoptedText/ta90/EREC1134.htm

A Regionális vagy Kisebbségi Nyelvek Európai Kartája (1992)


Declaration of the Heads of State and Government of the member States of the Council of Europe, Vienna summit conference, 9 October 1993


Recommendation 1201 on an additional protocol on the rights of national minorities to the European Convention on Human Rights (1993): http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/AdoptedText/TA93/EREC1201.HTM

Keretegyezmény a nemzeti kisebbségek védelméről (1995)


Recommendation 1492 on the rights of national minorities (2001)


3.Európai Biztonsági és Együttműködési Szervezet

Final Act of Helsinki (1975): www.osce.org/mc/39501

Charter of Paris for a new Europe (1990): www.osce.org/mc/39516

Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE (1990): www.osce.org/odihr/elections/14304

Report of the Geneva CSCE Meeting of Experts on National Minorities (1991): www.osce.org/hcnm/14588

The Hague Recommendations regarding the Education Rights of National Minorities (1996): www.osce.org/hcnm/32180

The Oslo Recommendations regarding the Linguistic Rights of National Minorities (1998): www.osce.org/hcnm/67531

B.Európai Uniós jogi dokumentumok

1.Európai Parlament

Resolution on a Community charter of regional languages and cultures and on a charter of rights of ethnic minorities (Arfé, 1981): http://www.ciemen.org/mercator/UE18-GB.HTM

Resolution on measures in favour of minority languages and cultures (Arfé, 1983)


Resolution on the languages and cultures of reginal and ehtnic minorities in the European Community (Kuijpers, 1987): http://www.ciemen.org/mercator/UE21-GB.HTM

Resolution on languages in the Community and the situation of catalan (1990)


Resolution on linguistic minorities in the European Community (Killilea, 1994)


Resolution on the right to use one's own language (1994):


Resolution on the use of the official languages in the institutions of the European Union (1995):


Resolution on regional and lesser-used European languages (2001)


2.Európai Tanács

Regulation No 1. determining the languages to be used by the European Community (1958)


European Council in Copenhagen 21-22 June 1993 – Conclusions of the Presidency


Council Decision on the adoption of a multiannual programme to promote the linguistic diversity of the Community in the information society (1996):


Decision No 1934/2000/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Languages 2001 (2000)


Council Resolution of 14 February 2002 on the promotion of linguistic diversity and language learning in the framework of the implementation of the objectives of the European Year of Languages 2001


Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000/2007)


Council Regulation (EC) No 168/2007 of 15 February 2007 establishing a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights


Council Resolution of 21 November 2008 on a European strategy for multilingualism


Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (2010)


3.Európai Bizottság

Report on the Implementation and Results of the European Year of Languages 2001 (2002)


Communication on Promoting Language Learning and Linguistic Diversity: An Action Plan 2004 – 2006 (2003) http://ec.europa.eu/education/doc/official/keydoc/actlang/act_lang_en.pdf

Communication on a New Framework Strategy for Multilingualism (2005)


Report on the implementation of the Action Plan "Promoting language learning and linguistic diversity”: http://ec.europa.eu/education/languages/archive/policy/report_en.html

High Level Group on Multilingualism – Final Report (2007)


Communication on Multilingualism: an asset for Europe and a shared commitment (2008)


The Lund Recommendations on the Effective Participation of National Minorities in Public Life (1999)


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