Orange County Public Schools Potential Essential Word List

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Orange County Public Schools


Potential Essential Word List

Peggy Rivers, Senior Director, Curriculum Services


C. Diane Knight, Senior Administrator K-12 Reading, Curriculum Services

445 West Amelia Street

Orlando, Florida 32801
Contact Information: 407-317-3200

knightc@ocps.net

The terms for all subject areas are reported at four levels:

Level 1: grades K-2

Level 2: grades 3-5

Level 3: grades 6-8

Level 4: grades 9-12

Mathematics Level 1

Mathematics Level 2

Mathematics Level 3

Mathematics Level 4

Above

Addition

Area

Behind


Below

Between


Calendar

Cardinal number

Chance

Circle


Clock

Coin

Corner

Day


Decreasing pattern

Difference

Direction

Distance


Estimate answer

Foot (measurement)

Graph

Greater than



Grouping

Guess and check

Height

Hour


In front

Inch


Increasing pattern

Inside


Left

Length


Less than

Lists


Location

Measuring cup

Minute

Model


Money

Near


Number

Number line

Numeral

Numeric patter



Ordinal number

Orientation

Outcome

Outside


Pattern

Pattern extension

Pound

Prediction



Rectangle

Right


Second (time)

Set


Shape combination

Shape division

Shape pattern

Similarity

Size

Sound pattern



Square

Standard measures of time

Standard measures of weight

Subtraction

Sum

Table


Temperature

Temperature estimation

Temperature measurement

Time interval

Triangle

Under


Volume

Week


Whole number

Width


Year

Zero



2-dimensional shape

2-dimensional shape combination

decomposition

2-dimensional shape slide

2-dimensional shape turn

2-dimensional space

3-dimensional shape

3-dimensional shape combination

Acute angle

Addend


Addition algorithm

Algebraic expression

Angle

Angle measurement tool



Angle unit

Area


Associative property

Axes

Bar graph

Basic number combination

Capacity

Centimeter

Certainty (probability)

Circumference

Classes of triangles

Cluster


Common denominator

Common fractions

Commutative property

Congruent

Conservation of area

Constant


Corresponding angles

Corresponding sides

Cube

Cylinder


Data

Data cluster

Data collection method

Decimal


Decimal addition

Decimal division

Decimal estimation

Decimal multiplication

Decimal subtraction

Denominator

Diagram

Different size units



Distributive property

Dividend


Divisibility

Division


Elapsed time

English system of measurement

Equation

Equilateral triangle

Equivalent forms

Equivalent fractions

Equivalent representation

Estimation

Estimation of fractions

Estimation of height

Estimation of length

Estimation of width

Even numbers

Event likelihood

Expanded notation

Extreme value

Faces of a shape

Factors


Flip transformation

Fraction


Fraction addition

Fraction division

Fraction multiplication

Fraction subtraction

Fractions of different size

Front-end estimation

Function

Geometric pattern

Geometric patterns extension

Gram

Greatest common factor

Growing pattern

Histogram

Horizontal axis

Identity property

Improbability

Improper fraction

Inequality

Inequality solutions

Intersection of shape

Invalid argument

Investigation

Irrelevant information in a problem

Isosceles triangle

Least common multiple

Line graph

Linear pattern

Mass


Mean

Measurement

Measures of central tendency

Measures of height

Measures of length

Measures of width

Median

Meter


Metric system

Midpoint


Mixed numbers

Mode


Multiple

Multiplication

Negative number

Number of faces

Number pairs

Number sentence

Number triplet

Numerator

Obtuse angle

Odd numbers

Open sentence

Order of operations

Parallel lines

Parallelogram formula

Part to whole

Path


Pattern addition

Pattern subtraction

Percent

Perimeter



Perpendicular lines

Pie chart

Positive number

Prime factorization

Prime number

Prism


Probability

Process of elimination

Product

Proof


Pyramid

Quotient


Rectangle formula

Rectangular prism

Reduced form

Relative distance

Relative magnitude

Relative magnitude of fractions

Relative size

Relevant information in a problem

Remainder

Repeating pattern

Restate a problem

Reversing order of operations

Rhombus

Right angle



Rotation

Rounding


Ruler

Same size units

Sample

Scale


Shape similarity

Shape symmetry

Shape transformation

Shrinking pattern

Sphere

Standard vs. nonstandard units



Studies

Subset


Subtraction algorithm

Surface area

Survey

Symbolic representation


Tallies

Time zone

Trail & error

Triangle formula

Truncation

Unit conversion

Unit differences

Unlike denominators

Valid argument

Variability

Venn diagram

Verbal representation of a problem

Verification

Vertical axis

Volume measurement

Volume of irregular shapes

Volume of rectangular solids



3-dimensional shape cross section

3-dimensional space

Absolute value

Addition of fractions

Algebraic expression

Algebraic expression expansion

Algebraic representation

Algebraic step function

Alternate interior angle

Angle bisector

Approximate lines

Area model

Area of irregular shapes

Array


Axis of symmetry

Base 10


Base 60

Benchmarking

Biased sample

Blueprint

Box & whisker plot

Cardinal number

Certainty of conclusions

Circle formula

Circumference formula

Combining like terms

Complementary angle

Complementary event

Complex problem

Composite number

Congruence

Conjecture

Constant difference

Constant rate of change

Constant ratio

Convert large number to small number

Convert small number to large number

Coordinate geometry

Coordinate plane

Coordinate system

Counter example

Counting procedure

Cube root

Cubic unit

Data display error

Data extreme

Data gap

Data set


Deductive argument

Deductive prediction

Defining properties of shapes/figures

Dilation


Dispersion

Distance formula

Enlarging transformation

Equal ratios

Equation systems

Experiment

Exponent

Exponential notation

Fahrenheit

Fair chance

Formula for missing values

Frequency

Frequency distribution

Graphic representation of function

Graphic solution

Grid

Growth rate

Hypotenuse

Inductive reasoning

Input/output table

Integer

Intercept


Intersecting lines

Irregular polygon

Iterative sequence

Large sample

Limited sample

Line symmetry

Linear arithmetic sequence

Linear equation

Linear geometric sequence

Linear units

Logic ALL

Logic AND

Logic IF/THEN

Logic NONE

Logic NOT

Logic OR


Logic SOME

Mathematical expression

Maximum

Method selection



Minimum

Multiple problem-solving strategies

Multiple strategies for proofs

Multiplication algorithm

Mutually exclusive events

Networks


Nominal data

Nondecimal numeration system

Nonlinear equation

Nonlinear function

Nonroutine vs. routine problems

Number property

Number systems

Number theory

Odds

Ordered pairs



Outliers

Overestimation

Parallel figures

Pattern division

Pattern multiplication

Pattern recognition

Percents above 100

Percents below 1

Perimeter formula

Perpendicular bisector

Perspective

Pictorial representation

Place holder

Planar cross section

Plane

Plane figure



Polygon

Precision of measurement

Prime factor

Problem formulation

Problem space

Problem types

Projection

Proportion

Proportional gain

Quadratic equation

Quadrilateral

Random number

Random sample

Random variable

Range

Range of estimations


Rate

Rate of change

Rational number

Rectangular coordinates

Recursive sequence

Reference set

Reflection transformation

Relative frequency

Relatively prime

Reliability

Roman numeral

Root


Rotation symmetry

Sample selection techniques

Sample space

Sampling error

Scale drawing

Scale map

Scale transformation

Scatter plot

Scientific notation

Sequence


Shrinking transformation

Significant digits

Similar proportions

Similarity vs. congruence

Simplification

Slide transformation

Slope

Slope intercept formula



Solid figure

Solution algorithm

Solution probabilities

Spreadsheet

Square number

Square root

Square units

Stem & leaf plot

Straight edge & compass

Substitution for unknowns

Supplementary angle

Table representation of functions

Table representation of probability

Tessellation

Tetrahedron

Theoretical probability

Thermometer

Trapezoid formula

Tree diagram model

Triangle sides

Underestimation

Unit size

Unknown

Variable


Variable change

Vertex


Volume formula

Volume of cylinder

Volume of prism

Volume of pyramid

Work backward

Written representation




Absolute error

Absolute function

Absolute value

Acceleration

Add radical expressions

Addition counting procedure

Algebraic function

Angle of depression

Arc

Area under curve



Asymptote of function

Base


Binary system

Bivariate data transformation

Bivariate distribution

Cartesian coordinates

Categorical data

Central angle

Central limit theorem

Chord

Circle without center

Circular function

Classes of functions

Combination

Complex number

Compound event

Compound interest

Conditional probability

Confidence interval

Conjugate complex number

Continuity

Continuity probability distribution

Control group

Correlation

Cosine

Critical paths method


Curve fitting

Curve fitting median method

Decibel

Density


Dependent events

Derivation

Dilation of object in a plane

Direct function

Direct measure

Discrete probability

Discrete probability distribution

Divide radical expressions

Domain of function

Empirical verification

Equivalent forms of equations

Equivalent forms of inequalities

Expected value

Experimental design

Experimental probability

Exponent


Exponential function

Factorial

Factorial notation

Fibonacci sequence

Finite graph

Force


Formal mathematical induction

Fraction inversion

Function composition

Function notation

Geometric function

Global/local behavior

Imaginary number

Independent events

Independent trials

Indirect measure

Inflection

Interest


Inverse function

Irrational number

Isometry

Law of large numbers

Law of probability

Limit


Line equation

Line segment

Line segment congruence

Line segment similarity

Line through point not on a line

Linear


Log function

Logarithm

Logarithmic function

Mathematical theories

Matrix

Matrix addition



Matrix division

Matrix equation

Matrix inversion

Matrix multiplication

Matrix subtraction

Minimum/maximum of function

Monitor progress of a problem

Monomial

Monte Carlo simulation

Multiply radical expressions

Natural log

Natural number

Nature of deduction

Negative exponent

Normal curve

Number subsystem

Parallel box plot

Parameter

Parameter estimate

Parametric equation

Periodic function

Permutation

Phase shift

Pi

Point of tangency


Polar coordinates

Polynomial

Polynomial addition

Polynomial division

Polynomial function

Polynomial multiplication

Polynomial solution by bisection

Polynomial solution by sign change

Polynomial solution successive approximation

Polynomial subtraction

Population

Postulate

Powers

Precision of estimation



Probability distribution

Proof paragraph

Protractor

Pythagorean theorem

Quartile deviation

Radical expression

Radius

Random sampling technique



Range of function

Rational function

Real numbers

Real-world function

Reciprocal

Recurrence equation

Recurrence relationship

Recursive equation

Reflection in plane

Reflection in space

Regression coefficient

Regression line

Relative error

Representativeness of sample

Richter scale

Right triangle geometry

Roots & real numbers

Roots to determine cost

Roots to determine profit

Roots to determine revenue

Rotation in plane

Sample statistic

Sampling distribution

Scalar


Series

Series circuit

Sigma notation

Similar figures

Sine

Sinusoidal function



Smallest set of rules

Speed


Spurious correlation

Standard deviation

Statistical experiment

Statistical regression

Statistic

Step function

Strategy efficiency

Strategy generation technique

Subtract radical expressions

Successive approximations

Summary statistic

Surface area cone

Surface area cylinder

Surface area sphere

Synthetic geometry

Systems of inequalities

Tangent

Term

Theorem

Theorem direct proof

Theorem indirect proof

Transversal

Treatment group

Trigonometric ratio

Trigonometric relation

Truth table proof

Two-way tables

U.S. customary system

Unit analysis

Univariate data

Univariate distribution

Upper/lower bounds

Validity

Variance


Vector

Vector addition

Vector division

Vector multiplication

Vector subtraction

Velocity


Vertex edge graph

Science Level 1

Science Level 2

Science Level 3

Science Level 4

Air

Animal features

Balance

Behavior pattern



Boulder

Burning


Chart

Circular motion

Cloud

Color


Computer

Daily weather pattern

Day

Death


Dinosaur

Dissolving

Distance

Diversity of life

Earth’s gravity

Earth’s rotation

Egg

Growth


Habitat

Heat


Horsetail tree

Individual differences

Insect

Light


Liquid

Liquid water

Location

Machine


Magnet

Magnification

Magnifier

Mammoth


Mixture

Month


Moon

Motion


Night

Observation

Ocean

Parent


Parent/offspring similarity

Pebble


Plant

Plant growth

Position

Precipitation

Prediction

Prehistoric animals

Properties of light

Pulling


Pushing

Reasoning

Requirements for life

Rock characteristics

Ruler

Salt water



Sand

Science


Scientist

Seasonal change

Seasonal weather pattern

Shape

Shelter

Similarities & differences among organisms

Size

Sky


Soil

Solid rock

Sound

Star


Star age

Star brightness

States of matter

Straight-line motion

Sun’s position

Sun’s size

Teamwork

Temperature

The senses

Thermometer

Universe

Vibration

Water

Weather


Weather conditions

Weather pattern

Week

Weight


Wind

Year


Zigzag motion

Ability to support life

Acceleration

Air movement

Animal product

Apparent movement of the plants

Apparent movement of the stars

Apparent movement of the Sun

Applied force

Astronomical distance

Astronomical object

Astronomical size

Astronomy

Battery

Bedrock


Beneficial change

Birth


Body of water

Boiling point

Bones/no bones

Calculator

Carnivore

Cause & effect

Change of direction

Change of motion

Change of speed

Changes in the Earth’s surface

Characteristics of air

Charge attraction

Charge repulsion

Classification of substances

Competition

Composition of matter

Condensation

Conduction

Conductivity

Conductor

Conservation of mass

Conservation of matter

Constellation

Control of variables

Controlled experiment

Cooling


Core

Data analysis

Data interpretation

Data presentation

Density

Detrimental change



Disease

Drought

Earth’s axis

Earth’s orbit

Earth’s surface

Earth’s temperature

Earthquake

Electrical charge

Electrical circuit

Electrical current

Electricity

Energy transfer

Engineering

Environment

Environment changes

Environment conditions

Erosion

Evaporation


External cue

Extinction

Food chain

Food web


Force strength

Forms of energy

Forms of water

Formula


Fossil

Fossil evidence

Fresh water

Friction


Fulcrum

Gases of the atmosphere

Generator

Glacial movement

Glacier

Graduated cylinder



Graph

Ground water

Heat conduction

Heat transfer

Herbivore

History of science

Inclined plane

Inherited characteristic

Land form

Landslide

Life cycle

Light absorption

Light emission

Light reflection

Light fraction

Living organism

Logical argument

Magnetic attraction

Magnetic repulsion

Mass


Measurement of motion

Melting point

Metal

Microscope



Migration

Mineral


Moon’s orbit

Moon’s phases

Naturalistic observation

Nutrients

Ocean currents

Offspring

Oil

Omnivore


Ongoing process of science

Organism


Outer space

Phase change

Photosynthetic plants

Physical properties

Physical setting

Pitch


Plant

Plant organ

Plant product

Plant root

Plant/animal

Pollution

Population

Population density

Position over time

Predator


Prehistoric environment

Prehistoric organisms

Properties of soil

Properties of sound

Properties of water

Question formulation

Recycle

Relative position


Replicable experiment

Reproducible result

Reproduction

Resource availability

Rock breakage

Rock composition

Rock cycle

Scientific equipment

Scientific evidence

Scientific experiment

Soil color

Soil composition

Soil texture

Solar system

Solubility

Stored energy

Survival of organisms

Technology

Telescope

Tide


Topography

Volcanic eruption

Water capacity

Weathered rock

Weathering

Wind patterns




Acquired trait

Adaptive characteristics

Air mass circulation

Alternative explanation of data

Animal nervous systems

Asexual reproduction

Asteroid

Asteroid impact

Asteroid movement patterns

Atmosphere

Atmospheric composition

Atmospheric layers

Atmospheric pressure

Atom


Atomic arrangement

Balanced force

Behavioral change in organisms

Behavioral response to stimuli

Bias

Body plan



Carrying capacity

Celestial body

Cell

Cell division



Cell growth

Characteristics of life

Chemical change

Chemical compound

Chemical element

Chemical energy

Chemical properties of substances

Chemical reaction

Circulatory system

Classification of organisms

Climate

Climate change



Climatic pattern

Closed system

Color of light

Comet


Comet impact

Comet movement patterns

Common ancestry

Concentration of reactants

Confirmation by observation

Conflicting interpretations

Conservation of energy

Constant speed

Continuation of species

Crustal deformation

Crustal plate movement

Crystal


Debris

Deceleration

Decomposer

Digestive system

Direction of a force

Direction of motion

Displacement of results

Earth system

Earth’s age

Earth’s atmosphere

Earth’s climate

Earth’s crust

Earth’s layers

Eclipse

Ecological role

Ecosystem

Egg cell

Electric current

Electrical energy

Element stability

Emergence of life forms

Energy source

Erosion resistance

Ethics in science

Evaluation of science process

Evidence from sedimentary rock

Excretory system

Experimental confirmation

Experimental control

External feature

Faulty reasoning

Filtering

Food oxidization

Forms of matter

Fossil record

Fundamental unit of life

Fungus

Galaxy


Galileo

Gene


Geologic evidence

Geologic force

Geological shift

Gravitational force

Greek basic four elements

Habits of mind

Heat convection

Heat emission

Heat energy

Heat radiation

Heat retention

Hereditary information

Homeostasis

Host


Hydrosphere

Hypothesis testing

Igneous rock

Immune system

Inertia

Infection



Informed subject

Infrared radiation

Insulator

Intellectual honesty

Interdependence of organisms

Internal cue

Internal structure

Invertebrate

Kinetic energy

Lever arm

Life form change

Life-sustaining functions

Light scattering

Light transmission

Light wavelength

Light year

Lithosphere

Logic


Louis Pasteur

Mantle


Marie Curie

Mathematical model

Mechanical energy

Mechanical motion

Metal reactivity

Metamorphic rock

Meteor

Meteor impact



Meteor movement patterns

Milky Way galaxy

Molecular arrangement

Molecular motion

Molecule

Multicellular organism

Mutualism

Nervous system

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Nonmetal reactivity

Nonreactive gas

Nuclear reaction

Organ

Organ system



Organism system failure

Oxidation

Oxygen

Parasite


Particle ring

Peer review

Percolation

Photosynthesis

Physiological change

Pierre Curie

Planet composition

Planet orbits

Planet size

Planet surface features

Plant tissue

Polygenic trait

Predation

Prey


Properties of elements

Pulley

Radiation

Reaction rate

Recrystallization

Recycling of matter

Reproductive system

Research question

Respiration

Respiratory system

Right of refusal

Risk & benefit

Rock layer movement

Rusting


Satellite

Scientific interpretation

Scientific method

Scientific skepticism

Screening

Sediment deposition

Sedimentary rock

Sedimentation

Separation method

Sexual reproduction

Skeletal system

Soil erosion

Soil fertility

Solar System formation

Specialized cell

Specialized organ

Specialized tissue

Species


Species diversity

Speed


Sperm

Sperm cell

Sunlight reflection

Surface area of reactants

Surface run-off

Taxonomy


Theoretical model

Tissue


Tolerance of ambiguity

Unbalanced force

Unicellular organism

Unity of life

Universal solvent

Vertebrate

Visible light

Water cycle

Wavelength


Abiotic components of ecosystems

Accelerator

Acid/base reactions

Actual mass

Advection

Age of the universe

Albert Einstein

Alfred Wegener

Amino acid sequence

Anatomical characteristic

Antoine Lavoisier

Atmospheric change

Atomic bomb

Atomic bonding principles

Atomic configuration

Atomic energy

Atomic mass

Atomic motion

Atomic nucleus

Atomic number

Atomic reaction

Atomic theory

Atomic weight

Avogadro’s hypothesis

Bernoulli’s principle

Big bang theory

Biochemical characteristic

Biological adaptation

Biological evolution

Biological molecule

Breakdown of food molecules

Buoyancy

Carbon

Carbon atom

Carbon cycle

Carbon dioxide

Catalyst

Cell function

Cell membrane

Cell nucleus

Cell organelle

Cell wall

Cellular communication

Cellular differentiation

Cellular energy conversion

Cellular regulation

Cellular response

Cellular waste disposal

Charged object

Charles Darwin

Charles Lyell

Chemical bond

Chemical organization of organisms

Chemical properties of elements

Chemical reaction rate

Chloroplast

Chromatography

Chromosome

Chromosome pair

Composition of the universe

Convection

Convection current

Copernican revolution

Copernicus

Coulomb’s law

Criteria for acceptance

Crystalline solid

Cytoplasm

Data reduction

Decay rate

Degree of kinship

Derived characteristic

Disclosure of methods & procedures

DNA


DNA molecule

DNA replication

DNA sequence

DNA structure

DNA subunit

Dominant trait

Doppler effect

Drag


Earth’s elements

Earth’s external energy sources

Earth’s formation

Earth’s internal energy sources

Elasticity

Electric force

Electric motor

Electric potential

Electrically neutral

Electromagnetic field

Electromagnetic force

Electromagnetic radiation

Electromagnetic spectrum

Electromagnetic wave

Electron

Electron configuration

Electron sharing

Electron transfer

Elementary particle

Elements of matter

Elimination of matter & energy

Elliptical orbits

Embryo formation

Empirical standards

Endothermic reaction

Energy requirements of living systems

Enrico Fermi

Entropy


Enzyme

Equal & opposite force

Equilibrium of ecosystems

Ernest Rutherford

Evidence for the Big Bang theory

Evidence for the expansion of the universe

Evidence for the unity among organisms

Excitatory molecule

Exothermic reaction

Experimental method

F=ma

Fahrenheit


Filial generation

Flow of energy

Flow of matter

Fluid resistance

Foot pound

Formation of polymers

Fossil fuels

Gamma ray

Gene encoding

Gene expression

General theory of relativity

Genetic diversity

Genetic mutation

Genetic variation

Geochemical cycle

Geologic time

Geologic time scale

Geologic dating

Gregor Mendel

Germ theory

Golgi apparatus

Gravitational energy

Greenhouse gas

Halley’s comet

Harvesting of resources

History of the universe

Human genetics

Human modification of ecosystems

Hydrogen bomb

Hydrogen ion

Inertial frame of reference

Inhibitory molecule

Inverse square law

Ion


Ionic motion

Isotope


Johannes Kepler

John Dalton

Kelvin (temperature)

Lise Meitner

Mass to energy conservation

Meiosis


Mendelian genetics

Metallic surface

Method of investigation

Microwave

Mitochondrion

Mitosis


Molar volume

Mole


Molecular energy

Molecular synthesis

Molten rock

Mountain building

Moving electrical charge

Moving magnet

Natural selection

Net force

Neutron

Neurotransmitter



New gene combination

Newtonian mechanics

Nitrogen

Nitrogen cycle

Nuclear fission

Nuclear force

Nuclear fusion

Nuclear mass

Nuclear stability

Nucleated cell

Ocean layers

Ohm


Organic compound synthesis

Organic matter

Origin of life

Origin of the universe

Oxidation-reduction reactions

Ozone


Paradigm shift

Parental generation

Particle emission

Periodic table of the elements

Photosynthesizing organism

Phylogenetics

Plate boundary

Plate collision

Plate tectonics

Potential energy

Pressure

Properties of reactants

Properties of waves

Protein


Protein structure

Protein synthesis

Proton

Ptolemy

Quantum of energy

Radical reaction

Radio wave

Radioactive dating

Radioactive decay

Recessive trait

Recombination of chemical elements

Recombination of genetic material

Relative mass

Relative motion

Release of energy

Reproductive capacity

Reproductive value of traits

Revision of scientific theories

Rock sequence

Rules of evidence

Sea floor spreading

Segregation

Seismic wave

Selective gene expression

Semiconductor

Sex cell


Sex chromosomes

Sex-linked trait

Shared characteristic

Sound wave

Space probe

Special theory of relativity

Speciation

Speed of light

Spontaneous nuclear reaction

Star composition

Star destruction

Star formation

Star size

Star system

Star temperature

Star types

Stellar energy

Storage of genetic information

Sun’s radiation

Superconductor

Survival value of traits

Synthetic polymer

Thermal equilibrium

Torque


Transforming matter and/or energy

Transport of cell materials

Transporting matter and/or energy

Ultraviolet radiation

Unequal heating of air

Unequal heating of land masses

Unequal heating of oceans

Vacuole


Viscosity

Water wave

Wave amplitude

Wave packet

Wave source

Weight of subatomic particles

x-ray




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